What is Ambe Bahar in Guava?

ambe-bahar
Ambe Bahar Flower in Guava

Main Article: Ambe Bahar in Guava

Ambe Bahar ‘, also known as ‘Amiya Bahar‘ is a term which denotes flowering and fruiting season in Guava crop. Hence, it is related with the flowering and fruiting cycle in guava. Bahar in guava is synonym to Bahar Season.

Guava can bear maximum 3 crops in a year. The other bahar season in guava is hasta bahar, and the fruit-crops related with the term is pomegranate.

Topic: Ambe Bahar.

General Info.: Ambe Bahar in Guava

  • It is a type of Bahar.
  • Most Common Name is Ambe Bahar.
  • It is a unique phenomenon of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

Also Read: Pomology Mock Test

INDEX

CONTENTS
(1). Identification
(2). Growth and Development Cycle
(3). Characteristics
(4). Insect-pest of Ambe Bahar
(5). Crop regulation.
(6). Questions and Answers

>>Guava is a Major Fruit of India

(1). Identification

The crop of ambe bahar is very easy to identify.

PARTICULARHINT
FlowersFlowers appear in spring.
FruitFruit size is small.

(2). Growth and Development Cycle

Flowering Season: Flowering appears during March-April. February is the month of early flowering in many regions.

Fruiting Season: Fruiting in this bahar starts from June, and it can be seen till the month of September.

2.1. Flowering and Fruiting

  • Guava tree produces three crop in a year, and it is maximum number.

2.2. Regions, and flowering and fruiting

NO. OF FLOWERINGREGIONS/STATES
One flowering seasonWest Bengal
Two flowering seasonsPunjab, some parts of North India. Western and Southern India.
Three flowering seasonsNorth India.

2.3. The formation of fruit

It is first noticed 12 days after flowering.

Also Read: Mango Flower and Fruit Drop, Control Measures

2.4 Growth

PHASECULTOVARDURATION
Phase 1•Allahabad Safeda
•Sardar
•50 days.
•50 days.
Phase 2•Allahabad Safeda
•Sardar
•50 – 80 days.
•40 – 80 days.
Phase 3•Allahabad Safeda
•Sardar
•80 – 140 days.
•80 – 120 days.
Avg. Total•Allahabad Safeda
•Sardar
•130 days.
•120 days.

(3). Characteristics

  • Fruiting is poor, it is very poor.
  • Fruits are not delicious. Fruits are not tasty in eating.
  • Over all fruit quality is very poor.
  • Fruits are prone to insect-pests attack.
  • Market acceptance is negligible, and it is undesirable.

(4). Insect-pest of Ambe Bahar

4.1. Insects

4.1.1. Fruit fly: The fruit fly or Bactrocera dorsalis is a very harmful pest of guava during monsoon season. The infested fruits rot and fall down.

4.1.2. Guava mealy scale: The attack of  guava mealy scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii) can be seen during active shoot  growth stage or flowering stage in spring season. Severe infestation can cause killing of branches.

4.2. Disease of Ambe Bahar

1. Fruit rot: It is caused by fungus. The fungus attacks trees, twigs and branches during rainy season, and the mature fruits are more prone to disease attack.

Also Read: Plant Disease, Control and Management

(5). Crop Regulation

The winter season crop is superior in quality, but the rainy season crop is inferior in quality due to severe attack of fruit fly in rainy season. To get only winter season crop, some practices has to be taken, and this is called guava crop regulation.

Crop regulation practices are as follows:

5.1. Spray urea @ 10% (10-12 lit. each tree) during May when maximum flowers are opened.

5.2. Use Nepthalene Acetic Acid @ 600 ppm (10-12 lit. each tree), if urea is not available.

5.3. Pruning of terminal portions of the shoots up to 20 – 25 cm after the first fortnight April. It helps in avoiding rainy season crop, completely.

5.4. Inorganic fertilizers are applied during the month of June.

5.5. Step 4 encourages growth in July-August for getting maximum flowering during August-September for winter season crop.

5.6. And, finally irrigation should be avoid during April-May.

Also Read: Minor Fruit Crops and Their Classification

(6). Questions and Answers

Question 01. Why is it called Ambe bahar?

Answer: The word Ambe or Amiya is related with mango or aam (major fruit). May be, it is the flowering time in guava, which happens during the season of mango, so it is called ambe or amiya bahar.

Question 02. Fruits of which bahar are best in quality?

Answer: Fruits of Mrig bahar are considered as best quality guava fruit.

Question 03. In which phase of fruit development, seeds are formed?

Question: Seeds are formed in the second phase of fruit development.

Tags: Amber Bahar, Crop Regulation, अम्बे बहार, Flowering Season in Guava, Fruiting Season in Guava.

Last Updated: 15-04-2021.


5 1 vote
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
3 Comments
Newest
Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Ricky
Ricky
27 days ago

Overall a very nice post from you

A Shoni
A Shoni
3 months ago

Very Nice

Ganesh Ramalingan
Ganesh Ramalingan
3 months ago

Excellent information. Keep it up.