How to Become an Agricultural Scientist: A Beginner’s Guide

agricultural-scientist-ars
Image Source: Unsplash.com (Ref. 01)

How to Become an Agricultural Scientist?‘, this article is a beginner’s guide. We will know about the complete steps, procedure or stages involved in becoming an Agricultural Scientist.

Who is a Scientist?

A person is called Scientist..

  • Who conducts research works (Scientific research works).
  • This research work is based on any specific topic from a specific subject.
  • It is largely based on interest.

Who is an Agricultural Scientist?

An Agricultural Scientist is a person who conducts scientific research works in the field of Agriculture.

How to Become an Agricultural Scientist?

Follow these steps from start to end…

Start….

  1. Class 11th – 12th.
  2. Pre Agricultural Test
  3. B. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme.
  4. Common Entrance Test.
  5. M. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme.
  6. ARS (Agricultural Research Service).
  7. PhD.

End.

It takes many years to complete the degrees and research works to Become an Agricultural Scientist.

All starts from 11th.

(1). Class 11th to 12th

Let’s start it…..

Selection of subject

Following subjects are eligible for further studies in agriculture:

  • Agriculture in 11th and 12th.
  • Biology (science) in 11th and 12th.
  • Mathematics in 11th and 12th.

Basic subjects in Agriculture

  • Crop Production.
  • Elements of Agricultural Mathematics.
  • Animal Husbandry.
  • Others.

Basic Subjects in Science

  • Biology.
  • Chemistry.
  • Physics.
  • Others.

Basic Subjects in Mathematics

  • Mathematics.
  • Chemistry.
  • Physics.
  • Others.

You have to pass first 11th, then 12th.

Important Points About 12th

  • ‘Minimum passing marks’ is required.
  • ‘Maximum passing marks’ is not required.
  • Basic knowledge of English is necessary.

Clearing PAT (Pre Agriculture Test) or ICAR Exam for B. Sc. Agriculture

(2). PAT (Pre Agriculture Test)

Pre Agriculture Test is an entrance exam conducted for the students of agriculture, science and mathematics.

This is a written exam which is based on Multiple Choice Objective Questions.

Important Points About Pre Agriculture Test

  • Rank is important.
  • Try to get best rank.
  • Best rank helps in getting admission in best college.

Students who have cleared this exam become eligible to be enrolled in B. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme.

(3). B. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme / B. Sc. Horticulture Degree Programme

B. Sc. Ag. or B. Sc. Agriculture is a four year’s degree programme offered by Agricultural Universities in India.

Pre requirements

  • You should have cleared Pre Agriculture Test.
  • You have secured a good rank.

Subjects in B. Sc. Agriculture

Agronomy.
Agricultural Extension.
Agro Forestry.
Agriculture Meteorology.
Animal Husbandry.
Biotechnology.
Entomology.
Horticulture.
Agricultural Economics.
Plant Breeding and Genetics.
Plant Pathology.
Agricultural Engineering.
Plant Physiology.
Soil Science.
English.

Important Points About B. Sc. Agriculture

>There are total 8 semesters in a 4-years degree programme.

>Each semester includes theory and practical classes.

>7 semesters are based on theory and practical classes.

>One semester is all about Rural Agriculture Work Experience Programme which is also known as RAWEP.

>Each semester is of 6 months.

>Medium is Hindi and English and other Indian languages.

>All semesters should be cleared to be eligible for CET or Common Entrance Test.

(4). CET (Common Entrance Test) for M. Sc. Agriculture

Common Entrance Test is an entrance exam conducted for the students of  M. Sc. Agriculture.

This is also a written exam which is based on Multiple Choice Objective Questions.

The test type is offline, and conducted on a fixed day.

Important Points About Common Entrance Test

  • Overall rank is important.
  • Try to secure good rank.
  • Good rank helps in getting admission in best faculty.

The final B. Sc. Agriculture Students who have cleared this exam, become eligible to be enrolled in M. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme.

(5). M. Sc. Agriculture Degree Programme / M. Sc. Horticulture Degree Programme

M. Sc. Ag. or M. Sc. Agriculture is a two year’s degree programme run by  many Agricultural Universities in India.

Pre requirements

  • You should have cleared Common Entrance Test.
  • You have very secured a good rank.

Subjects in M. Sc. Agriculture

Faculty wise Subjects

DepartmentMajor SubjectExample Sub-subject/Topics
Department of AgronomyAgronomyCrop Production, Disease Management etc.
Department of Agricultural ExtensionAgricultural ExtensionCommunication, Leadership, Agricultural Entrepreneurship etc.
Department of Agricultural EcoiAgricultural EconomicsProduction Economics, Agricultural Marketing etc.
Department of EntomologyEntomologySericulture, Insect-pests Management, Post Harvest Insect-pests etc.
Department of HorticultureHorticulturePomology, Olericulture, Floriculture etc.
Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingPlant Breeding and GeneticsPlant Genetics, Plant Breeding etc.
Department of Plant PathologyPlant PathologyPlant epidemiology, Plant Disease Management etc.
Department of Plant PhysiologyPlant PhysiologyPhysiology of Plant-crops, Plant Disorders etc.
Department of Soil ScienceSoil ScienceSoil Formation, Soil Management, Edaphology etc.
Department of Agricultural EngineeringAgricultural EngineeringFarm Power, Farm Machinery etc.

Important Points About M. Sc. Agriculture

>There are total 4 semesters in a 2-years degree programme.

>Each semester includes theory and practical classes.

>First 2 semesters are based on theory and practical classes.

>Last 2 semester are all about research works.

>Each semester is of 6 months.

>Medium is English.

>All semesters should be cleared by the students to be  eligible for ARS or Agricultural Research Service.

(6). ARS (Agricultural Research Service) for PhD in Agriculture or Horticulture

Important Points About Agricultural Research Service

This is an organization. The organization comes under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India.

Its headquarter is Hyderabad.

Main Projects are research works.

Recruitment Board: ASRB or Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board.

ARS Examination

It consists….

  • Preliminary exam.
  • Mains exam.
  • Interview.

Marks

Total marks 300

  • Mains exam – 240 marks.
  • Interview – 60 marks.

Training

It is known as Foundation Course, and the centre for foundation course is Hyderabad.

ARS can be attained after M. Sc. Ag. or After PhD.

And, after the completion of the training, the person is known as Agricultural Scientist.

Questions and Answers

How difficult ARS is?

Answer: ARS is considered as the most difficult examination in the field of agriculture, and also it is as difficult as PSC.


REFERENCE:

Ref. 01: Featured Image. Unsplash.com


0 0 votes
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments