BONSAI: This article is going to cover the ‘Complete Information About Bonsai’. ‘The Art of Bonsai’ and ‘The Utility of Bonsai‘ is the main focus of this Article. Economic Importance of Bonsai.
|3.||TYPES OF BONSAI|
|4.||IMPORTANCE OF BONSAI|
|5.||PROCEDURE OF BONSAI MAKING|
|6.||EXPLANATION OF POST RELATED WORDS|
|7.||FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS|
|8.||MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS|
English: ‘Bonsai’ (Japanese Word).
Other: Penzai (Chinese word) .
1.1 What is Bonsai?
Bonsai is a Japanese word. This is used to denote a special ornamental plant which is very small in size (bigger than the mame) and resembles the natural look of a mature plant in every aspect.
So, bonsai making is an art in which a simple plant is converted into an evergreen ornamental plant.
The art of bonsai making originated from China. Now it has been spread throughout the world.
The main reasons behind the small or short stature of a plant are genetic, hormonal imbalance, disease, insect-pests, soil and climate etc.
2.1 Genetic Causes
2.1.2 Genetic Engineering.
Mutation: Mutation is a natural phenomena in which genetic structure of a plant is changed.
Genetic Engineering: Genetic engineering is an artificial work in which genetic sequence of a living plant is altered using a vector. In genetic engineering, undesired part of a DNA is cut and replaced with desired traits.
Hormonal Imbalance: Cytokinin, auxin, gibberellin, ABA are plant hormones. They have different role in overall plant growth.
The hormonal imbalance inside a plant causes abnormal growth in plants, which sometime results in dwarfism of plants.
Disease: Plant disease are cause of death of different species of plants. Many species of plants are sensitive to these diseases, some are resistant and some are semi resistant.
A plant becomes weak after fighting with these diseases, but manages somehow to survive. This plant can be trained into a bonsai.
Insect-pests: Insect-pests are another reason of abnormal growth and development of a plant. Once spotted, these underdeveloped plants can be transformed into a bonsai.
Climate: Factors of climate play important roll in making naturally blunted plants (some species of plants). This includes- high temperature, very low temperature, scarcity of water etc.
Soil: Problematic types of soils (ecological regions) are very ideal place to search for a naturally underdeveloped plants. Naturally stunted plants can be seen growing on the surface or crack of a big rock.
3. Types of Bonsai
Bonsai are of two types
3.1 Natural Bonsai.
3.2 Artificial Bonsai.
Natural bonsai are found in natural (uninhabited) places. Natural bonsai are rare, and an be seen seldom in wild places. These are:
3.1.1 Naturally stunted plants
3.1.2 Plant attacked by diseases and insect-pests.
3.1.3 Malnutrition in plant.
Artificial bonsai are result of professional and educational activities. Plant nursery is the place where normal plant species are transformed into a bonsai.
4. Importance of Bonsai
Bonsai making is an agribusiness. The cost of production and maintenance of a bonsai plant is high. So, the market price is also high. Any can sell a bonsai for getting a good margin of money.
Bonsai is used as an ornamental plant. Flower exhibitions are best place to see the beauty of a real bonsai.
As an ornamental plant
As indoor plant: Bonsai of indoor plants are best option to decor a room.
Office: Government and private offices.
Garden: Bonsai in hanging pots. In public, private and kitchen garden.
Stadium: Stadiums of football, cricket, hockey etc.
5. Procedure of Bonsai Making
(5.1). Required Materials.
(5.2). Art of Bonsai Making.
5.1 Required Materials
- Selected plant.
- Soil media.
- Soil container.
- Training equipment.
- Pruning equipment.
- Plant hormone.
Selected Plant: selection of a plant species depends upon the choice of grower. List of plants for making bonsai:
- Banyan (बरगद).
- Other ficus spp.
- Citrus e.g., orange.
- Duranta e.g., golden duranta.
- Karonda e.g., deshi karonda.
- Star fruit plant.
- Pine tree.
- Mango, some varieties.
- Sree Anwala.
- Christmas tree.
- Wood apple.
- Other plant species naturally suitable for bonsai making.
Soil Media: it includes garden soil, gravel, soil from where plant was picked during plant selection.
Soil Container: Soil container should be made of soil e.g., earthen pot, and plastic pot.
Training Equipment: Example- copper wire and wood sticks.
Pruning Equipment: Example- secateurs, scissors.
Plant Hormone: Example- ABA. Abscisic acid is a plant growth regulator which inhibit plant growth.
5.2 Art of Bonsai Making
5.2.1 Selection of Plant
Selection of plant depends on:
Species of Plant
Many species of plants are small stature by nature. These can be developed into a bonsai. These plants can be wild or cultivated. For example- addendum is a bonsai plant by nature.
From Different Possible Places
Barren land: Some plants can be seen surviving in barren land. The overall growth of these plants is restricted by the unfavorable conditions. Select these plants to make bonsai.
Rocks: Many times plants of banyan emerge from the crevices of big rocks. These plants are hard and slow growing and ideal for bonsai making.
Old Buildings: Small plant germinate and grow from bird’s poops on the roof buildings and other crevices.
Plant Nurseries: Different types of plant species can be purchased from a plant nursery. Artificial technique is applied for bonsai making.
Training is required to give desired shape to the plant. Copper wire should be used in plant training. See the picture given below to get an idea of plant training using copper wire.
Example- Topiary is an ideal example of plant training pruning.
Pruning is done using secateurs. Pruning should be performed for,
(1). Giving proper and desired shape to plants.
(2). To remove disease and insect-pests attacked parts.
5.2.4 Fertilizer Management
Use of fertilizer is limited. Give limited quantity of fertilizer and other organic manures. Dose should be based on periodic development of the plant. Excessive dose of some fertilizer can trigger the growth of plant such as urea.
5.2.5 Water Management
Watering at regular interval can be avoided. Irregular watering is given during initial stage of plant. Limited amount of water is needed to keep the plants alive.
5.2.6 Use of Plant Hormone
Abscisic acid is a very important plant hormone in bonsai making. It is an effective way of suppressing the natural growth nd development of a plant.
6. Explanation of Post Related Words
Abscisic acid is an ati-plant hormone. It suppress plant growth. It is available at different agri-shops comes in commercial packs.
Mame is bonsai of a bonsai.
Ex03: Problematic Soil
Problematic soils are a group of unfavorable or infertile soil body. Highly acidic soil, highly … are the example of problematic soil.
Secateurs are a gardener’s scissor. It is used to prune plants.
Topiary is an art in which live plants are shaped in different animals, birds and other things. Example- topiary of an elephant, horse, mayur, globe etc.
7. Frequently Asked Questions
Question- 01. What is the price of bonsai?
Answer: The price of a bonsai can be between 50 rs to lakhs (exhibition).
-BY SHASYADHARA AGRICULTURE
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