Fish Farming: Government Schemes For Small, Marginal and Big Farmers
This post describes about the different basic Schemes of Fisheries Department. All schems are basic, and for all categories for farmers. One or more than one scheme described in this post may be included in the scheme of fisheries department of a particular state.
Department of fisheries is a government department like other government departments e.g., department of agriculture.
|2.||Types of Schemes|
|4.||Explanation of Post Related Words|
|5.||Frequently Asked Questions|
|TYPE||State/Central Government Scheme.|
|Related Department||Department of fusheries.|
Small, marginal and big farmers.
1.1 Department of Fisheries
‘Department of Fisheries’ is a government department which works for the development of water resources, fishermen and farmers through departmental schemes. Objectives of the department of fisheries include:
- Development of water resources. Example- Ponds, reservoirs, dams, canals etc.
- Development of artificial fish farming. Example- Fish Farming in Tarpaulin Tanks (fresh water aquaculture), fish farming in cement tank.
- Fish farming in natural water resources.
In this post we will know about the general information of different schemes related with department of fisheries.
(2). Types of Schemes
2.1 Beneficiary Oriented Schemes
2.2 Subsidy Based Schemes
Beneficiary oriented schemes are made for marginal and small farmers by the state and central governments. These are small scale schemes. Subsidy based schemes are medium to large schemes. These are made for all categories of farmers.
Description of some schemes
(A). Fish Seed Production
The scheme is related with the different activities in fish seed production.
- Production of fish seed by adopting scientific and modern technology.
- To supply fish seed to government firms.
- To supply fish seed to private firms.
For this, hatchery and fish seed farm enrichment units are used. These units are situated at urban or rural areas e.g., tribal areas or a village or block.
Fish seeds are…
- Sold to Fishermen’s Cooperative Society.
- Sold to individual farmers.
- Used for storage and nourishing in departmental reservoirs.
(B). Development of Fisheries: Fish Industries in Rivers and Reservoirs
Fish production in natural water resources such as rivers, and reservoirs are included in this scheme.
- Fish seed production in rivers.
- Fish farming in reservoirs.
Main objective of this scheme is to increase fish productivity.
Water reservoirs, rivers and other resources of water in urban and rural areas are being developed and managed by the department of fisheries. For this, best quality fish seeds are released in evergreen rivers. This activity helps in increasing the total fish production.
(C). Training Program
Frishermen are trained in different activities of fish farming.
Fishermen or farmers are included in a training program for the following activities:
- Training for netting (to make net for fishing).
- Repairing of net.
- Training to improve the technique of catching fish.
- Training for boat sailing.
Subjects of training program are:
(D). Exposure Visit
Exposure visits are arranged for the progressive farmers. A group of 10-20 farmers are selected for this scheme for the visit of progressive farms outside the state.
Exposure visits are very good. To be eligible for this program an agriculture/a horticulture farmer should also be a fish farmer or any young farmer who is interested in fish farming can get training.
(E). Refresher Course
Farmers who have their own water resources e.g., pond, dam, reservoirs can get training through this scheme. Refresher courses are of 3-5 days.
(F). Loan and Subsidy to the Registered Cooperative Societies
Loan and subsidies are given to eligible farmers for arrangement of advanced nets, boat, fish feed, fish seed etc. A farmer can get loan up to 3 lakh with the help of department. Example of structure of loan…
- For fish seed: Up to 50,000. INR.
- For machines/equipments: Up to 70,000 INR.
- Supplementary fish feed: Up to 1,50,000 INR.
(G). Prawn Farming
Helps for the two types of prawn farming are given. First is prawn farming in open condition and second is protected farming.
- Increasing farmers total income.
- Increasing total production.
Help up to 30,000 INR is given for prawn farming in neutral water.
(H). Fish Farming in Seasonal Ponds
Help up to 30,000 INR is given for fish seed storage and fish farming in small to medium seasonal ponds. Main objective is to increase total farm income of a farmer.
(I). Buying Fish Net Scheme
Help up to 10,000 INR is given to individual or group of fish farmers.
(J). Buying FingerLings Scheme
Buying fingerlings, releasing into ponds and earning more money with more production are major objectives of this scheme. More than 5000 fingerlings are released into a pond.
(K). Insurance of Fishermen
Insurance is done for any kind of accident. Premium amount is very low e.g., 10 INR to 20 INR.
Benefit of insurance, when claimed, is lakh or more than a lakh.
This article is based on the schemes of C. G. Fisheries department.
(L). Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
This is the most important scheme.
- Watershed development program.
- Importance is given on inputs.
- Development of additional water resources on farmer’s own land.
- Traning and visit program.
- Also include boat and fishnet scheme.
This is special scheme initiated during 2008-9 by central government for the farmers of Chhattisgarh.
Benefits of the scheme:
- Storage of fish seed in seasonal ponds.
- Development of ponds on farmer’s own land.
- Subsidy for fish feed.
- Storage of fingerlings.
- Farmers traning and visit.
- Establishment of cold chain.
- Retail selling.
ALSO READ: Schemes of Department of Horticulture
(3). Related Information
#1. Rohu, katla, catfish are commonly reared fish species in fish farming.
#2. Farming of Thai Mandir is prohibited in India.
#3. Government schemes are specially made for small and marginal farmers and for poor fishermen.
#4. Training programs are free of cost. Registration is required.
(4). Explanation of Post Related Words
Fish seeds are juvenile fish.
Visit outside district, state or country.
It is the size of fish seed. It is just about the size of finger.
(5). Frequently Asked Questions
Question 5.1: What are the different types of natural fish farming?
ANSWER: Natural fish farming means- fish farming altering natural resources of water e.g., river (stagnant water), lake, river dam, reservoirs, sea etc.
Questions 5.2 : What are the types of artificial fish farming?
ANSWER: Cement tank, tarpaulin fish tank, aquarium (rearing ornamental species of fish), Fish farming under shade net houses.
Question 5.3: What are the different types of fresh water aquaculture?
ANSWER: Ponds, rivers (excluding river delta), lake (excluding salt lakes), canals, well, seasonal water bodies, cement tank, tarpaulin tank etc.
Question 5.4: What are the different types of salt water aquaculture?
ANSWER: Marine water aquaculture, salt lakes, river delta.
Question 5.5: Where is the department of fisheries located/situated?
ANSWER: The department of fisheries is situated at,
- Sectors of 5 – 10 villages.
Question 5.6: What are the other departments working for farmers?
ANSWER: Other departments working for farmers are as follows:
- Department of Agriculture.
- Department of Horticulture.
- Department of Animal Husbandry.
- Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
Question 5.7: What are small schemes?
ANSWER: Distribution of fish net, distribution of fish seed to small and marginal farmers, distribution of feed are some small departmental schemes.
Question 5.8: What are big schemes?
ANSWER: Watershed development program, fish catching boat etc., are big schemes.
TAGS: Fish Farming. Fish Farming Schemes. Species of Fish. Types of Fishing Net. Artificial Fish Farming. Natural Fish Farming.