Dwarf Coconut || Hybrid Coconut || Characteristics and Identification || Production and Price

coconut-yellow-dwarf-variety
Yellow Dwarf

Identification based on Characteristics of Dwarf Coconut is Very Important Before Online Purchase and it’s Cultivation and Production. Price of Coconut Plants Can be different in Different Plant Nurseries. Buying Original Dwarf Plant is The Most Important Thing.

This is an Educational and Informational Post. This Page Will be Updated.

We will know about the followings:

  • How to identify dwarf coconut plants?
  • Cultivation practice of dwarf coconut.
  • How to make hybrid coconut plant?

Objective of The Post

  • To know about best dwarf coconut varieties
  • To Know about best hybrid varieties.
  • To know about cultivation practice of dwarf coconut.
  • To know about hybridization program in coconut.

INDEX

SectionTitle / Sub-title
A.Introduction
B.Identification
C.Cultivation

A. Introduction

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Common nameCoconut, dwarf coconut,नारियल in Hindi ड्वार्फ कोकोनट।
Scientific nameCocos nucifera (कोकोस न्यूूसीफेेेरा)
FamilyArecaceae (एरेकेसी)
OriginIndo-Pacific
Plant TypeCategories:
1. Plant with drupe fruit .
2. Evergreen.
3. Single Stem.
Flower TypeMonoecious
Fruit TypeDrupe
Type of VarietiesTwo types of varieties present:
1. Varieties only for coconut water.
2. Varieties for water and kernel.

Dwarf Coconut

Yellow-dwarf-coconut
Yellow Dwarf Coconut Plant

What is dwarf coconut?

Dwarf coconut is short stature variety of the palm-tree scientifically known as Cocos nucifera. Scientific name is same for all varieties. And it is the cultivated species of coconut plant. Commercially, it is cultivated in many tropical and Subtropical countries. It can also be grown as ornamental plant in home gardens.

Varieties of Dwarf Coconut

  1. Yellow dwarf.
  2. Malaya dwarf.
  3. Chowghat orange dwarf or COD.
  4. Chowghat green dwarf or CGD.
Characteristics: Botanical description of Dwarf Coconut:
HeightThe height of dwarf coconut is 15-20 feet. It is the average height of the variety. The average height described here is the height of fully grown plant/tree.
LeafLeaf colour is yellow, example- Yellow Dwarf. Pinnate leaves are more separated than other varieties in juvenile stage. The leaf has is sword like shape.
FloweringYear round flowering. Flowering takes less than 5 years. Well nourished plant can start flowering after 40-50 months.
Fruit and FruittingFruit colour is yellow and orange. Fruit is small to medium. Fruitting starts very early. It takes 3-4 years to produce first crop.

Tall Coconut

What is tall coconut

Tall coconuts are a group of common varieties of coconut. Tall coconut covers largest area of cultivation, and production among the other species of coconut. It is local variety of coconut. It can be seen in the yard of farmer’s house.

Characteristics: Botanical description of Tall Coconut
Local Variety
HeightThe height of dwarf coconut is 55-60 feet. It is average height of the variety. It can increase. The average height described here is the height of fully grown plant/tree.
LeafLeaf colour is yellow, example- local varieties. Pinnate leaves are more separated in later stage.
FloweringYear round flowering. Flowering takes more than 5 years. Well nourished plant can start flowering after 9-10 years.
Fruit and FruittingFruit colour is green. Fruit is small to medium sized. It is smaller than dwarf and hybrid varieties. Fruitting starts very early. It takes 3-4 years to produce first crop.

Hybrid Coconut

What is hybrid coconut

Characteristics: Botanical description of Tall Coconut:
HeightThe height of dwarf coconut can be different for each hybrid variety. It can be a dwarf or tall or medium height variety.
LeafLeaf colour is green, yellow, example- Hybrid varieties.
FloweringYear round flowering. Flowering takes less than 5 years. Well nourished plant can start flowering after 36-40 months.
Fruit and FruittingFruit colour is yellow and orange. Fruit is extra large than the local varieties. Fruitting starts very early. It takes 3-3.5 years to produce first crop.
Enhanced1. flowering.
2. Nut yield.
3. Copra production.
4. Copra Quality.
5. Oil percentage.

Varieties of Hybrid Coconut

  1. VHC 1.
  2. VHC 2.
  3. VHC 3.
  4. WCT × MYD.
  5. ADOT × GBGD.
  6. WCT × SSAT.

Difference Between Dwarf and Tall Coconut

S. No.TopicDwarf CoconutTall Coconut
1.Breeding programSuitable for Hybridization Program.Generally, less preferred in hybridization program.
2.Height15-20 feet55-60 feet
3.Commercial age5-6 years12-15 years
4.Life spanUpto 50 yearsmore than 50 years

B. IDENTIFICATION

How to identify dwarf coconut plants?

Identification for dwarf coconut plant is very important.

But, Why is it important?

Ans- See example below:

Example 01:

  • Mr. A is a traditional farmer.
  • He heard from his friend about the importance dwarf coconut.
  • He decided to buy dwarf coconut plants.
  • He contacted to a plant dealer.
  • Dealer delivered him 50 plants.
  • Plants were planted in the field.
  • He got first crop after 10 years.

We can say- his purpose is fail.

Example 02:

  • Mr. B is an advanced farmer.
  • He is a trained farmer who has coconut training certificate.
  • He decided to buy dwarf coconut plants.
  • He contacted to the owner of a well known plant nursery.
  • Dealer delivered him 10 plants.
  • Plants were planted in the field.
  • He got first crop after 3 years.
  • He asked for 100 plants in his next order.

We can say- his planning is near-perfect.

Here, we are giving some ideas so you can identify dwarf coconut

Use check variety

Plant 1 local tall variety alongwith purchased dwarf variety. You can see difference within two years. Although, it is time consuming, but you can apply this.

Characteristic of the variety

Plants of a certain variety an be identified easily. For example- leaves of Yellow Dwarf is yellow.

Field Visit

Visit the nurseries of an owner before purchasing plants. There you can see difference between dwarf and a local tall variety.

C: CULTIVATION

Cultivation practice of dwarf coconut

Propagation

Propagation is done from seed.

Bold and vigorous nuts should be selected. Broad surface of the nut should be pointed toward upside. Germination takes 4 – 4.5 month.

Climate

Tropical and subtropical. Coastal climate is best suitable. Altitude is 600 – 900 m.

Soil Range

Coastal soil. Sandy and loam. Alluvial soil.

Land Preparation

Size of pit is 1 x 1 x 1 m. Spacing is 7 – 9 m. Pit should be filled with 25 – 30 kg of well decomposed FYM.

Irrigation

@interval of 7 – 10 days.

Part – 3: How to make hybrid coconut plant?

Hybridization Program in Coconut

Hybrids are made by cross. It is intervarietal cross. These are as follows:

  1. T × D = Hybrid (Here, T = tall, as female, D = Dwarf, as male).
  2. D × T = Hybrid (Here, D = Dwarf, as female and T = Tall, as male).
  3. T × T = Hybrid.
  4. D × D = Hybrid.

Artificial pollination is adopted in hybridization program.

Explanation For Post Related Words

Intervarietal Cross

Intervarietal cross is cross between two plants of same species.

Monoecious

Plants have both the male and female flowers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Questions- 1. What is check variety?

Ans.- Check variety is a standard variety used in an experiment. The properties of a check variety is known.

Did this post help in finding answers for:

  1. Best place to buy dwarf coconut plants.
  2. How to identify dwarf coconut plants.
  3. Cultivation practice of dwarf coconut.
  4. How to make hybrid coconut plant

Please ask your question through comment box or……

Mail us at hm347h@gmal.com and clear doubts

-By Harish Manik

Link this site using following address:

https://www.shasyadhara.com/


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admin
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1. Author and Content Writer. 2. Agriculture Consultant and Farmer's Trainer. 3. Agriculture Entrepreneur.
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bhupesh chanda
bhupesh chanda
5 months ago

nice

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