Floriculture:: Topic 01:: Garden Design: Mughal Garden

Introduction: Mughal Garden

INFLUENCED BYPersian Gardens
Themehuman’s co-existence with all elements of nature with perfect harmony
Major CountriesIndia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan

Mughal gardens are built by the mughals. It is a formal style of garden which symmetrically planned with square designs.


  • Babur was the first mughal emperor who built mughal garden at Dholpur in India.
  • Akbar made first garden at Fatehpur Sikri, India.

Key Features or characteristics

Selection of site: Near a hill with a small stream of water such as a river.

Protection: The whole garden is protected with high walls and tall gates.

Running Water: It is the core feature of any mughal style of garden. Running water in canales is an example.

Terminal Building: The great example of terminal building is the Tajmahal in Agra.

Garden has the following numbers of terraces:

  • 7 terraces= 7 planets.
  • 8 terraces= 8 paradise.
  • 12 terraces= 12 zodiac.

Baradari: A flat place raised over the garden land. It has 12 doors (3 doors each direction).

List of Plant/Trees

Name of Plant/TreeScientific NameFamily
TuberosePolianthes tuberosaAsparagaceae
LiliesLilium spp.Liliaceae
TulipTulipa spp.Liliaceae
DaffodilNarcissus spp.Amaryllidaceae
RoseRosa spp.Rosaceae
IrisIris spp.Iridaceae
CarnationDianthus caryophyllusCaryophyllaceae
WillowSalix spp.Sallicaceae

Meaning and Symbolism

Water: Water reflects sky.

Example: List Of Mughal Garden

S. No.Name of GardenLocationBut By
2.Mehtab BaghDelhi (Night blooming jasmine)Shah Jahan
3.TajmahalAgraShah Jahan
4.Lotus GardenDholpurBabur
5.Shalimar BaghSri NagarJahangir
6.Nishant BaghSri NagarAsif Khan
8.Lalbagh FortDhakaMuhammad Azam Shah


  1. Wikipedia.
  2. Glaustas Horticulture.


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(2). Subject Matter Specialist: Eligibility, Work and Salary.

(3). Government Departments Working For Farmers.

(4). What is the salary of an agricultural/horticultural officer in India.

(5). Photo/Image: Red Gram Insect-Pests

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