Integrated Farming System (IFS) Model: Importance Component and Procedure

integrated-farming-system-ifs
IFS Model

What is Integrated Farming System (IFS)? एकीकृत कृषि। Importance of Integrated Farming System (IFS). Components of Integrated Farming System. Establishment of an Integrated Farming System.

INDEX

S. NO.HEADING
1.Introduction
2.Importance
3.Components of Integrated Farming System
4.Examples of IFS Model
5.Management Practice
6.An Ideal Model (layout and design): Establishment
7.Selection of Site
8.Major Activities After The Establishment of Farm
9.Frequently Asked Questions
10.Explanation of Post Related Words

1. Introduction

The IFS or Integrated Farming System is a system of farming in agriculture which is adopted and practiced by the thousands of farmers in India and other agricultural countries. It is based on the idea of getting regular income from different farm products and reducing the effect of the failure of a particular department.

Working principle: In an IF System one component becomes subsidiary for other component. For example- In poultry+fish+corn system, poultry droppings are used as crop manure and feed for fishes. While corn is used as chicken feed.

The system is being practiced by the farm owners and different farmers since many years. At present, adoption of the system is getting speed. Although, it is being practiced in small areas by the farmers.

2. Importance

Minimum use of inorganic pesticides: Organic manures are produced inside the farm. Farm manures e.g., Farm Yard Manure, vermi compost etc., are used as organic manure. It helps improving soil health. Availability of these manure in a farm minimizes the use of chemical pesticides.

Sustainable Agricultural Practice: It is also a form of sustainable agriculture. Minimum use of pesticides and the inclusion of different components make it sustainable. Heavy dose of fertilizer is replaced with organic farm manures.

Crop regulation practice also makes it sustainable. Taking more than two types of crop species on the same piece of land helps to maintain soil health. Pest attack is also decreased.

Expenses: Preparation for the cultivation of different crops for different seasons requires more invest. In this system overall cost is reduced due to the balanced use of all resources at the same time in all sectors.

3. Components of Integrated Farming System

(3.1). Poultry

(a). Hen: Broiler and improved breeds such as kadaknath.

(b). Duck: Improved breeds.

(c). Turkey.

(d). Bater (बटेर).

(3.2). Crop

(a). Cereal crops: Maize (maize cultivation), wheat, rice, millets etc.

(b). Fruit plants: Mango (mango cultivation), litchi (litchi cultivation), citrus, apple, ber, cashew etc.

(c). Legume crops: Grams, beans, peanut etc.

(d). Medicinal crops: Ashwagandha, periwinkle, bhringraj etc.

(e). Fodder production: Azolla, berseem, elephant grass etc.

(3.3). Livestock

(a). Cow: Hybrid and improved breeds.

(b). Goat: Improved breeds.

(c). Buffalo: Improved breeds.

(d). Sheep: Improved breeds.

(3.4). Fish Farming

Different species of fish or prawn.

4. Examples of IFS Model

4.1 Example of IFS with Poultry

IFS, when main component is hen

(a). Chicken + Vegetable Farming

(b). Chicken + Fish + Vegetable Farming

IFS, when main component is duck

(a). Duck for chicken and eggs + Vegetable Farming

(b). Duck for chicken and egg + Vegetable Farming

4.2 Examples of IFS with Animal Husbandry

IFS, when main component is cow

(a). Milk production + vegetable farming + fodder growing.

(b). Milk production + fish farming + fodder growing.

IFS when main component is goat/sheep

(a). Goat + vegetable + pasture land.

(b). Goat + fish farming + pasture land.

4.3 Examples of IFS with Fish

(a). Artificial fish farming + vegetable farming.

(b). Fish farming in pond + poultry farming + vegetable farming.

5. Management Practice

5.1 Crop Manuring

Manuring of First Season Crop: Manuring of first season crop is done by purchasing manure from other farms. After first season crop, manuring during field preparation is done using FYM or vermicompost which is prepared from a farm’s byproducts.

5.2 Management of Poultry Feed

Poultry feed is prepared from the cereals produced in farm. Cultivation of maize (corns), wheat, millets is required. Feed for the first flock should be purchased.

5.3 Management of Cattle Feed

Two types of cattle feed can be produced in a farm. Green fodder such as berseem, Napier grass, fodder maize etc.

6. An Ideal Model (layout and design)

6.1 Components

6.1.1 Components of the model for first season

(a). Crop: Cereal + fodder crop

(b). Livestock: Suitable breed of cow of goat according to climate.

(c). Poultry: Broiler or layers.

(d). Fish: Surface and ground feeding breed of fishes.

6.1.2 Components of the model for second season

(a). Crop: Legume + Fodder crop.

(b). Livestock: Suitable breed of cow or goat according to climate.

(c). Poultry: Broiler or layers.

(d). Fish: Fish species according to market demand.

6.1.3 Components of the model for second season

(a). Crop: vegetable + fodder.

(b). Livestock: Suitable breed of cow or goat according to climate.

(c). Poultry: Broilers or layers or turkey.

(d). Fish: Short duration breeds.

7. Selection of Site : Establishment

Selection of Location: It should be located at a well distance from crowded area.

Selection of Land: Selected land should receive ample amount of sunshine. It should be even.

7.1 Setting Farm

Step 01- Digging farm-pond.

Step 02- Digging bore-well.

Step 03- Make cattle shed and farm house.

Step 04- Surround the farm land with permanent shed like brick-wall.

Step 05- Purchase cattle.

8. Major Activities After The Establishment of Farm

Crop Sowing: It should be first step. Crops (cereal and fodder) are sown in all season.

Cattle Rearing: It should be second step. Cattle should be purchased after the growing of fodder crops.

Fish and Poultry: It can be started at any time during crop season.

9. Frequently Asked Questions

Question 01. What should be the  major component of an IFS system?

Answer- The IFS system is similar to mixed farming where farmers grow one main crop along with other crops. In IFS crops are grown along with other farm ventures e.g., animal husbandry or poultry farming or piggery or fishery with vegetable farming.

Examples:

(a).  Mainly secondary importance crops are grown along with major crop.

(b). Growing chicken or hen is major activity in a poultry-cum-vegetable farming.

Question 02. What are the effects of IFS on environment?

Answer- By products from IFS are used for subsequent crops. It is an environmental friendly farming practice. As mentioned earlier, minimum use of inorganic fertilizer is possible.

Question 03. How much profitable this farming system is?

Answer- Equal profit is earned from each department. Failure of one specific department does not block the way of earning. It is a balanced method of farming and the return is higher than the invest in all season.

Question 04. Is it same to mixed arming?

Answer- Here is the similarities and Difference between these two farming systems

Similarities

Integrated Farming System Mixed farming
More than two components (plant species) are grown at the same field at same time e.g., flower crop with vegetable crop (marigold + tomato) More than the two different components are managed inside a farm e.g, crop species + poultry of animal husbandry or fisheries.

Difference

RemarksIFS Mixed farming
ComponentsOnly crop species are includedCombination of crop or cattle/fish/poultry
ProductionPer unit production is lower in normal conditionsPer unit production is higher in normal conditions
Management practicesChemicals (fertilizers) are used in large quantities for plants and cropsChemicals are replaced by organic manures.

Question 05. Can we include country chicks?

Answer- Generally, deshi chicks do not love to live inside a closed structure. They love to roam in free and open space. Nursery plants are damaged by the hens. Although, with proper management practice they can be included in this system.

10. Explanation of Post Related Words

10.1 Artificial Fish Farming

Fishes are reared in controlled environment under tanks.

10.2 Broiler

Meat producing breeds of hen.

10.3 FYM

Manure prepared with the help of live species of earth worm.

10.4 Layers

Egg laying breeds of hen.

10.5 Sustainable Agriculture

Environmental friendly system of farming in which ecology is less affected by the farming practice.

10.6 Vermi compost

Manure prepared mainly from cow dung.

BY SHASYADHARA AGRICULTURE


(1). Gravity Drip Irrigation System.

(2). Economic Importance of Relay Cropping (Utera/Paira Kheti): List of Crops and Crop Model.

(3). What Is CHAMPS (चैंप्स) And How To Apply Manually? Step By Step Procedure To Fill Application Form.

(4). Drip Irrigation System Installation: Governmental Scheme and Subsidy

(5). Mango Flower and Fruit Drop: Reason and Control Measures.


(1). Drip Irrigation System Installation: Governmental Scheme and Subsidy


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1. Author and Content Writer. 2. Agriculture Consultant and Farmer's Trainer. 3. Agriculture Entrepreneur.
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Raj
Raj
6 months ago

Please give me information about a good trainig centre in India in free….

Thanks and regards.

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