Kadaknath Farming In India :: Desi Poultry Farming In Central India (Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh)

Kadaknath Farming – Kadaknath farming is a very profitable agri-business. Both, Kadaknath Egg Production Business and Kadaknath Chicken Production Business are very good and low investment start-up. The breed is very popular in India.

Introduction: Kadaknath

What is Kadaknath?

Kadaknath is the name given to desi breed of chicken. It is native to central India i.e.- Madhya Pradesh. The word Kadaknath is made up of two words, ‘Kadak and Nath’. The word ‘Kadak’ means ‘Strong or Hard’, while the meaning of the word ‘Nath’ is ‘Lord or Natha in Shaivism. Kadakhnath is totally different from other desi and foriegn spp. of chicken. Origin of this important species is western Madhya Pradesh in India where research works is being conducted since many years.

Table 01. Biological information.

S. N. Common NameSc. Name
1.Kadakhnath or Kali MasiGallus gallus domesticus

Distribution

The species is native to Jhabua and Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. They can adapt a wide range of climatic conditions. Kadaknath has been introduced to these Indian states- Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana etc.

This breed of chicken can be reared easily where other breeds of desi chicken are grown commercially.

Characteristics and behavior

Female – Female starts laying eggs after 6 months. They are not a good broody hen.

Male – Males are double the size of female.

  • Feather – Feather is shiny and dark black. Some feathers reflect green colour in sunlight.
  • Comb – Comb is black. It is fully developed in healthy rooster.
  • Legs – The muscular legs are also black in colour.
  • Tongue – Black.
  • Egg – There is false fact that the eggs of kadaknath are black in colour. But the colour is creamy.

Importance

  • Rich in protein.
  • Low quantity of fat.
  • Low cholesterol.
  • Beneficial to diabetic patience.

Kadakhnath Farming

Source to Buy

Madhya Pradesh – Jhabua, Dhar.

Chhattisgarh – Kanker, Baikunthpur.

Uttar Pradesh – Praveen Enterprises, South city, Lucknow.

Karnataka – Sri Krishna Poultry, Magadi, Bengaluru.

Housing System

  • Cage sytem
  • Deep litter
  • Free range

Kadakhnath in Cage System

cage system is used for layers in egg production industries. Kadaknath loves natural surroundings. Kadaknath farming in cage system will increase extra expenses. This includes – Expense in cage, feeding and other management practice.

Kadakhnath in Deep Litter

Deep litter system is very good for young chicken. The thickness of litter should be same as used for other breed of chicken. It is 4 inch to 1-2 feet.

Kakhnath in Free Range

Free range is best for adults. Male and female perform best in free range system. In this system 1 rooster should be reared along with 10 females. More number of male cock is the reason of brawl among them. The main benefit of this system is low maintenance and management. It requires low investment. Naturally available food cuts extra expense in feeding. Minimum 1 acre of land is sufficient for free range system.

Feeding

Kadaknath can eat all types of poultry feed.

Egg Laying

Developed chicken starts laying eggs after 6 months. One hen lays 12-15 eggs in a clutch. They can lay egg anywhere, so nest should be make to prevent it.

Brooding

  • Natural brooding
  • Artificial brooding

Natural brooding

Female of this breed is not very good in brooding. One hen out of ten tends to brood. Remaining eggs should be kept in the nest of other broody hen.

Artificial brooding

Artificial hatching machine and chambers are used.

Growth and Development

Kadaknath is a slow growing breed of chicken. A mature rooster can weigh up to 2 kg. Proper diet helps in fast growing. Young chicken should be fed with standard poultry feed in deep litter system.

Marketing

  • Through contract farming.
  • Online selling.
  • Marketing channel.
  • Local sellers.

Pests Management

Disease and Management

1. Ranikhet/New Castle Disease

Cause – Virus.

Mode of infection – It is a highly contagious disease. Air, contaminated foods are the source of infection.

Mortality – Both, chicken and adults are affected by the virus. It can empty a farm from chicken. The mortality rate is 50-100 %.

Prevention – Sanitation and scheduled vaccination.

Source of Vaccine – Govt. supply through veterinary department. Professional farms.

2. Coryza

Cause – Bacteria. Haemophiluspara gallinarum.

Mode of infection – It is infectious disease. Contaminated water and food is major source of infection.

Mortality – Deadliest disease in kadaknath.

Prevention – Clean water and food. Shed should be disinfected.

Risk Factors

Abiotic Factors

  • Malnutrition
  • Weather
  • Predators
  • Thieves

Biotic Factors

  • Bacteria
  • Virus
  • Mycoplasma

Questions

  1. Which is dangerous disease in Kadaknath?

Answer

  1. Coccidiosis, ranikhet, disease caused by mycoplasma.

Conclusion: In Points

  • It is a disease resistant breed of chicken.



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1. Author and Content Writer. 2. Agriculture Consultant and Farmer's Trainer. 3. Agriculture Entrepreneur.

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