Lawn Making – Thinking about ‘How to Make a Beautiful Lawn‘ is the first step to ‘Create a Blueprint of Lawn.’ Lawn making is an art. Hence the art of lawn making is a best tool for landscape and architecture designs. This article will cover- the Types of Lawn, Procedure of Lawn Making, Components of Lawn, steps in lawn making, and the management and maintenance of a lawn. Let’s start……..
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Lawn Making: an introduction
Lawn making is a part of landscape gardening. Lawns are alway made at the centre of a garden. It is a common practice. A garden is not fully completed without the inclusion of lawn. It is can be a very good profitable profession with other farming business ideas.
Lawn can be simply defined as a green carpet and the concept of a green carpet can be described as an area planted and covered with a dense group of green grass.
So we can say lawn is a prominent feature of any garden or an ornamental landscaped area. Lawns are very important. It is a place where tired people can take a rest and feel relax. Kitchen garden with a beautiful small lawn gives very nice look to a home.
Establishment of a lawn inside any home, school, public place and residence gives a pleasant and eye catching look, and it can be done following some basic steps.
Types of Lawn
In a general way lawn can be of two types.
- Grass Made or Natural Lawn.
- Artificial Lawn or Astro Turf.
Grass Made or Natural Lawn
Natural lawns are made by using living components e. g., green grass, ornamental flowers and plants etc. These types of lawns are suitable for all places. It can create a pleasant ecosystem. Lawn of a beautiful garden and lawn of a cricket ground or golf course are the example of natural lawn.
Artificial Lawn or Astro Turf
Artificial lawns are made by the use of non-living components e. g., Polyesters, rubbers etc. It is imitate of a natural lawn. Artificial lawns are not a very popular type of lawn. These types of lawns have limited extent. Hockey stadium is an ideal example of an artificial lawn.
Lawns can also be understood according to their shape:
- Rectangular lawns.
- Triangular lawns.
- Circular lawns.
- Irregular shaped and others.
- Cascade lawns in hilly area.
Design and shape of a lawn is depend on the decision of a gardener or landscaper. We can choose irregular shape while making lawn for kitchen garden because it is very adaptable for less area.
Procedure of Lawn Making
The general procedure of lawn making includes,
- Selection of Site.
- Type of Soil.
- Availability of Water.
- Preparation of the Site.
- Levelling of Soil.
Selection of Site
Altitude is very important during selection of site. Upland area should be selected for proper drainage of water. Watery or marshland should be avoided. Availability of sunlight throughout the day is necessary.
Type of Soil
Soil should have the following qualities:
Availability of Water
- Well drained soil- to keep grass safe from diseases and insects.
- Fertile soil- for healthy growth of lawn.
- Loamy or sandy loam soil- for the proper development of roots.
- Gravel free soil- for uniformity across whole lawn.
- P. H.- P. H. of the soil should be 5-6 [ref. (1)].
Availability of water is the first criteria for lawn making. A big lawn requires gallono of water. Irrigation of standing grass at regular interval is very essential. Non-stop regular watering is a neccesary thing during summer season.
Preparation of the Site
The subsoil digging of land selected for lawn should be done. The soil should be dug up to 20cm [ref. (2)]. All unwanted things such as gravel, rocks and other unwanted substance should be removed from the soil.
Now soil should be exposed to sun rays for at least one week during summer and one month in winter. Further, follow these tips:
- Mix the soil with well decomposed FYM. 20-25 q. per Ha.
- Don’t use vermicompost. Earth worms from vermicompost can cause serious damage to lawn.
- Preparation of the site is very important. It should be done seriously.
The surface area of a lawn is levelled uniformly. Different types of hand driven and power driven machinary can be used to level soil surface.
Components of Lawn: Blue Print of Lawn
Components of Natural Lawn
There are two types of components in a lawn 1. Living component such live tree. 2. Non-living components such as rock and small ponds.
Trees: Following ornamental trees can be used:
- Ashok tree.
- Palm tree.
- Chir pine.
- Pride of Burma.
- Norfolk Island pine.
Shrubs and Creepers: Shrubs and creepers are the integral part of a lawn. We can select among various species:
- Century plant.
- Hibiscus sp.
- Night Jessamine.
- Other flowers such as African marigold.
Grasses: Grass is the most important feature of a lawn. There are many types of grass sp. which can be used to make a lawn.
Table – 01. Characteristics of grass sp. [ref. (3)].
|SN.||Common Name||Scientific Name||Remarks|
|1.||Doob grass||Cynodon dactylon||It is drought resistant. Open sunny weather throughout the day is suitable weather for it. It is medium fine.|
|2.||Bermuda grass||Cynodon sp.||It requires open sunny season. It is beautiful grass. Needs regular moving.|
|3.||Korean grass||Zoisia tenuifolia||Open sunny location. It is fine grass.|
|4.||Manila grass||Zoisia metrella||Same as Korean grass.|
|5.||Annual blue grass||Poa annua||It can be grown on acidic soil. Higher elevation is suitable.|
Doob grass is considered very good because of its available.
Components of Artificial Lawn
The three main components of an artificial lawn is as falllow:
Synthetic Grass Fiber: Synthetic Fiber is the result of chemical synthesis. Plastic polyester, polypropylene etc.
The Backing Structure: Backing structure can be made by the combination of cement and iron rods.
The Rubber Infill: High quality rubber is used.
The shape and dssign of lawn should be decided according to given area. Little paths, connecting each others at a point and dividing the whole lawn in parts, can be marked in blue print of a big lawn.
Methods of Lawn Making
There are various methods of preparation of lawn. These are as fallows:
- By Seed.
- Turfing or Squares of Grass.
- Dribbling Method.
- By Turf Plastering.
- Artificial or Astro Turf.
The most suitable sp. for lawn making by seed is Doob grass. It is very fast growing. The seed rate for per ha. area is about 25-30 kg. Seed should be mixed with sand before showing. Germination takes 4-5 days after showing.
Turfing or Squares of Grass
The Turf are the piece of land. Generally these pieces are rectangular shaped and covered with dense grass. The turf are placed in levelled surface and fixed firmly on it. This is very expensive.
It is very simple. Root parts and divisions are placed on hole. It is time taking.
By Turf Plastering
Components mixture of turf plastering:
- Garden soil.
- Fresh cow dung.
- Wood ash.
- 5-7 cm cuttings of grass Doob grass.
Ratio of mixture is 2:1:1:0.5 and require quantity of water. This mixture should be plaster on soil surface. Thickness of soil should be 2.5 cm. Blooming starts after 15-20 days.
Astro Turf are artificial lawns. It is made by synthetic substnces. It is used for lawn making in tarrace. It is very popular in Arab and European countries.
Care, Manaagement and Maintenance of Lawn
Lawn grass is attacked by various insect-pests
Problem/Imsect-pests in Lawn
- Chlorosis in lawn grass– Grass become yellow. It is caused by the deficiency of iron and magnesium.
- Dog Urine– Compact group of dead grass in lawn. Dead group of grass should be replaced with fresh grass after treating affected patch.
- Fertilizer Burn– Due to excess use of urea. Reduce the excess use of fertilizer.
- Improper Watering– Don’t apply over watering.
- Improper Moving– Grass should be moved uniformly.
- Hoppers– Sap sucking insect. Use Eco-friendly insecticide.
- Nematodes– Sap sucking pest. Use Eco-friendly insecticide.