List of Agroforestry Plant-Trees With Images/Photos

TAGS – What are Agroforestry Plants? Images/Photos of Agroforestry Plants.

This is the List of Agroforestry Plants with photos.

INDEX

S. NO.Headings/Sub-headings
1. INTRODUCTION: Agroforestry Plants
2. LIST: Agroforestry Plants

1. INTRODUCTION: Agroforestry Plants

Agroforestry plants are a group of economically important plants. These can be isolated from wild groups of plants/trees.

Definition- Agroforestry plants are economically important plants which can be grown in gardens as ornamental plants or in elevated fields as commercial plants.

2. LIST: Agroforestry Plants

  • Subabul (river tamarind) / सुब्बुल
  • Teak / सागौन।
  • Acacia / बबूल।
  • Bamboo / बाँस।
  • Caesalpinia / गुलमोहर।
  • Karanj / करंज।
  • Eucalyptus / नीलगिरि।

2.1 Subabul (river tamarind)

Image: Subabul
  • Type
    • Evergreen.
    • Fast growing plant.
  • Botanical name: Leucaena leucocephala
  • Occurrence: Tropical and Subtropical countries e. g., India, Sri Lanka etc.
  • Plant description
    • Small to medium tree.
    • Excessive branching.
    • It is leafy tree.
  • Propagation: By seeds.
  • Uses: Economic importance

2.2 Teak (सागौन)

Image: Teak

It is also known as sagwan (Sagaun).

  • Type
    • Deciduous.
    • Slow growing tree.
  • Botanical name: Tactona grandis.
  • Occurrence: Tropical and Subtropical.
  • Plant description:
    • Big trees (height).
    • Broad leaves.
  • Propagation
    • By seeds.
    • Heat treatment of seed is required.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • In furniture industries.
    • As fuel (dead branches).

2.3 Acacia

Image: Acacia

It is also known as bambur in local language, thorntree and Babul in Hindi.

  • Type
    • Evergreen tree.
    • Fast growing plant.
  • Botanical name: Acacia spp.
  • Occurrence: Asia, Africa, Australia America.
  • Plant description
    • Medium trees.
    • Excessive branching.
    • Thorns are dominant.
  • Propagation: By seeds.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • As nitrogen fixing plant in rice field.
    • As farm fodder.
    • In furniture industries.

Also Read: Freshwater Aqua Culture in Tarpaulin Tank

2.4 Bamboo (बाँस)

Image: Bamboo
  • Type
    • Evergreen.
    • Very fast growing
  • Botanical name: Bambusa spp.
  • Occurrence: All over the world.
  • Plant description
    • Very tall.
    • Excessive branching.
  • Propagation: Rhizomes, divisions.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • In furniture industries.
    • In home.
    • As stalking in vegetable farming.

2.5 Caesalpinia (गुलमोहर)

Known as gulmohar in India.

  • Type
    • Evergreen plant.
    • Medium to fast growing.
  • Botanical name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima
  • Occurrence: America, Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia.
  • Plant description
    • Medium plant/tree.
    • Heavy leaf bearer.
    • Different flower colour.
  • Propagation: By seed.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • As ornamental plant in gardens.

2.6 Karanj (करंज)

Karanj, it can also be spelled as karanja (करंजा).

  • Type
    • Evergreen plant.
    • Slow growing.
  • Botanical name: Milletia pinnata.
  • Occurrence: India, Pakistan, Japan, Malaysia, Australia.
  • Plant description
    • Medium tree.
    • Heavy leaf bearer.
    • Excessive branching.
  • Propagation: By seed.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • Vegetable oil.
    • As firewood.

2.7 Eucalyptus (नीलगिरि)

Known as Nilgiri.

  • Type
    • Evergreen plant.
    • Medium growing plants.
  • Botanical name: Eucalyptus obliqua.
  • Occurrence: America, Asia, Africa, Australia.
  • Plant description
    • Tall plant/tree.
    • Excessive branching.
  • Propagation: By seed.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • In furniture industries.
    • Seeds are used in ayurveda.
    • As firewood.

2.8 Gmelina (गम्हार)

Image: Gamhar

It is locally known as ‘Gamhar’.

  • Type
    • Deciduous plant.
    • Medium to fast growing plants.
  • Botanical name: Gmelina arborea .
  • Occurrence: America, South-East Asia, Africa,
  • Plant description
    • Tall plant/tree.
    • Medium branching.
  • Propagation: By seed.
  • Uses: Economic importance
    • In furniture industries.
    • As firewood.

Also Read: Cultivation of litchi

Explanation of Post Related Words

Ornamental Plants

Ornamental plants are used for beautification of land and home gardens.

Example: Flowers such as rose and chrysanthemum. Foliages such as dieffenbachia.

Green Manure

Green manure is a type of manure. When a bunch of fresh leaves is suppress beneath the soil, it act as manure after sometime.

Nitrogen Fixing Plants

Nitrogen fixing plant fixes nitrogen from atmosphere into soil.

Example: Groundnut, pigeon pea etc.

Deciduous Plants

Deciduous plants shed their leaves once in a year.

Example: Peepal.




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