Locally Available Summer Flowering Perennials

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Summer Flowers

Locally Available Summer Flowering Perennials

In ornamental landscape gardening, annuals and perennials are ornamental flowering plant-trees. Most of them are Perennials. In Horticulture, flowering plants are different from fruit plants e.g., mango, litchi.

In this post we will know about some summer flowering perennials in India. These seeds and planting materiales are locally available throughout the India.

S. No.Heading(S)
1.Gulmohar (गुलमोहर)
2.Amaltas (अमलतास)
3.Hibiscus
4.Jasmine

(To read educational posts e.g., Floriculture Multiple Choice Questions, GO HERE)

(1). Gulmohar (गुलमोहर)

Gulmohar is a very attractive and beautiful flowering tree. The beauty of the tree with bloomed flowers is a subject to see.

Gulmohar Flowers (Delonix regia)
Photo: Gulmohar (campus of an Indian village school)
  • Scientific name: Delonix regia.
  • Family: Fabaceae.
  • Chromosome Number: 2n= 28.
  • Origin: Madagascar.
  • Propagation: It is propagated using seeds and cutting. Propagation through seed is easy and commonly practiced.
  • Use an Importance: Ornamental landscaping, avenue plantation, as shade providing tree etc.

(2). Amaltas (अमलतास)

Amaltas is very hardy flowering plant from the family fabaceae. It is also known as Indian laburnum. It is known as golden shower because for its flower and flowering pattern.

Amaltas (cassia fistula)
Photo: Amaltas
  • Scientific name: Cassia fistula
  • Family: Fabaceae.
  • Chromosome Number: 2n= 24, 28.
  • Origin: India and Sri Lanka.
  • Propagation: It propagated through seeds.
  • Use an Importance: It is used as ornamental tree. Commercial use is less.

(3) Hibiscus

Hibiscus is a medium to tall ornamental plant/tree. It is known for its beautiful cone like flowers.

Hibiscus spp.
Photo: Hibiscus
  • Scientific name: Hibiscus spp.
  • Family: Malvaceae.
  • Chromosome Number:
  • Origin: Tropical and subtropical region of the world.
  • Propagation: It is commonly propagated by cutting.
  • Use an Importance: It is grown as ornamental shrub in home yards.

(4). Jasmine

Jasmine is a medium size ornamental plant. It is classified as shrub.

Jasmine (Jasminum)
Photo: Chameli
  • Scientific name: Jashminum spp.
  • Family: Oleaceae.
  • Chromosome Number: Basic Ch. No. 13, 2n=26. Natural polyploidy exists in J. sambac which is 2n=39.
  • Origin: Tropical and subtropical region of Eurasia and Oceania.
  • Distribution: It is distributed in Europe, Asia, Australia, America, Africa.
  • Propagation: Propagation in jasmine is done by cutting.
  • Use an Importance: It is used as ornamental flowering plant in landscape gardening. Yellow jasmine is always used in avenue plantation to reduce noise pollution and to increase the beauty of surrounding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 01. Which is the best time to collect amaltas seeds?

Answer: Best time to collect amaltas seed is May – June.

Question 02. Which is the best time to collect gulmohar seeds?

Answer: Best time to collect amaltas seed is May – June.

Question 03. Which is the best time to collect the seeds of chameli?

Answer: Best time to collect amaltas seed is June – July.

Question 04. Which is the best time to propagate hibiscus?

Answer: Best time to propagate hibiscus is July – September.

Propagation

-BY SHASYADHARA AGRICULTURE


TAGS: Summer flowering plants. Perennial flowering plant-trees.


References

  • Wikipedia.
  • Flower research work by Harish Manik.

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