Minor Fruit crops and Their Classification

minor-fruit-crops-datepalm
Minor Fruit

This post,Minor Fruit crops and Their Classification‘, classifies the Minor Fruit Crops of India and in other countries around the world using list. Any fruit is called or known as Minor Fruit or Minor Fruit Crops when it is grown as a ‘secondary-importance’ crop.

In this post we will know about the ‘Classification of Minor Fruit-crops‘ and also the ‘List of Minor Fruit-crops‘.

The Minor Fruit-crops or Minor Fruits (द्वितीयक फल या गौण फल) are a category of fruits; the other being major fruits or major fruit-crops. A can be defined according to >>  use, range of acceptance and its scientific classification, where later being the most important. The shape, availability etc., are not the necessary factors  while defining the term.

A minor fruits related to one particular region can be the major fruit for other regions or vice versa. For example- Mango is a major fruit or fruit-crops grown in India, but it can be a minor fruit-crops of temperate regions.

minor-fruit-lemon
Lemon

Read: Veneer grafting in mango.

Index- Minor Fruit-crops, Classification and List

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Criteria to be called as minor fruit.
2. Importance.
3. Characteristic of minor fruit-crops.
4. List of Minor Fruit Crops.
5. Scientific Description of Minor Fruit Crops.

Also Read: ‘T’ budding in ber

  • Cultivation.
  • Occurrence.
  • Scientific classification.

1.1 Cultivation

Generally, minor fruits are not included in the category of traditionally grown fruit crops, e.g., mango is a traditionally grown or cultivated fruit crops of India. Many of these fruit plants are grown in home garden as a show plant (ornamental plant), and for their seasonal benefits. Example- Growing Karonda in home garden.

1.2 Occurrence

Majority of these fruit plant can be seen growing in rarely used piece of land or in forest areas.

Natural places

Example– Carambola is found in forest (Tropical and Subtropical forest).

Rarely used places

Example– Annona is a common fruit plant.

Unused agricultural lands

Example– East Indian ebony or tendu.

1.3 Scientific Classification

It is the most important criteria. The ‘scientific classification of fruit-crops’ classifies fruits into two major groups. The scientific classification of fruit-crops is as follows:

  • Major fruits.
  • Humid fruits.
  • Minor fruits.

Example of major fruits

Tropical and subtropical major fruits– Mango, banana, papaya etc.

Temperate minor fruits– Apple, peach, pear etc.

Example of humid fruits

Mangosteen.

Example of minor fruits

Tropical and subtropical minor fruits– Karonda, aonla etc.

Temperate minor fruits– Avocado.

Also ReadPomology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

  • Major Source of Vitamins and Other Micronutrients
  • Ornamental use.
  • Easy Management.

2.1 Major source of vitamins and other micronutrients

All minor fruits are major source some very important micronutrient. Karonda is a very important source of vitamin C.

2.2 Ornamental use

Many plants are used as ornamental plants in home, kitchen and public garden etc. Indian gooseberry is very suitable for home gardens.

2.3 Management

Management practices including irrigation, fertilization, training, pruning etc., are easy when grown in home and kitchen gardens.

Also Read: Mango Flower and Fruit Drops

  • Resistant to Pests.
  • Hardy.

3.1 Resistant to pests

One important thing about minor fruit is that they are less attacked by major inspect-pests of horticulture.

3.2 Hardy

Minor fruits like aonala, bael etc., are very hard in nature. They can resist water scarcity effectively.

4.1 List of Tropical and Subtropical fruits

minor-fruit-indian-gooseberry
Indian Gooseberry
  • Almond*.
  • Apricot.
  • Blueberries.
  • Cherries.
  • Gooseberries
  • Kiwi fruit.
  • Peanuts.
  • Raspberries.
  • Strawberries.
  • Walnut.

Note: ‘*‘ denotes either major or minor fruit.

4.2 List of Humid fruits

Avocado.
Jackfruit.
Mangosteen.

4.3 List of Temperate fruits

  • Aonla.
  • Carambola (Karambola).
  • Durian.
  • Egg fruit.
  • Fig.
  • Karonda.
  • Loquat.
  • Passion fruit.
  • Persimmon.
  • Rambutan.
litchi-chinensis-minor-fruit
Litchi

Also Read: Taiwan (786), a papaya variety

5.1 Tropical and Subtropical fruits

NameS. NameFamilyOriginRemarks
AonlaEmblica officinalisEuphorbiaceaeCentral-South India2n = 30.
CarambolaAverrhoa carambolaOxalidaceae.Indonasia2n = 24.
DurianDurio zibethinusBombaceaeMalaysian region2n = 56.
Egg FruitPouteria campechianaSapotaceaeSouthern Mexico, GuatemalaRich source of Vitamin ‘A’.
FigFicus caricaMoraceaeW. Asia2n = 36.
KarondaCarissa carandasApocyanaceaeIndia2n = 22.
LitchiLitchi chinensisSapindaceaeChinaVarieties- Muzafarpur, dehradun, calcutta.
LoquatEriobotrya japonicaRosaceaeS. China2n = 32.
Passion FruitPassiflor edulis Passifloraceae.Tropical America2n = 18.
Persimmon FruitDiospyros kakiEbenaceaeChina2n = 60.
RambutanNephelium lappaceumSapindaceaeMalaysian Archipelago2n = 22.
Wild CashewnutAnacardium excelsumAnacardiaceBrazilThe fruit contains much more amount of toxic than cashew.

What are the 2n numbers of different fruit-plants?

5.2 Humid fruits

NameS. NameFamilyOriginChromosome Number
AvocadoPersea americanaLauraceaeTropical America2n = 24.
JackfruitAtrocarpus heterophyllusMoraceae India2n = 56.
MangosteenGarnia mangostanaGluasiaceae2n = 24.

Also Read: Dwarf Coconut

5.3 Temperate fruits

NameS. NameFamilyOriginRemark
Almond*Prunus amygdalusRosaceaeCentral AsiaVarieties- Red delicious, prima.
ApricotP. armeniaRosaceaeN. E. ChinaVarieties-Victor, sue.
BlueberriesVaccunium spp.EricaceaeNorth AmericaPropagation- Saxifragaceae.
CherriesP. aviumRosaceaeS. E. EuropeVarieties- Chaubattia series.
GooseberriesRibes spp.GrossulariaceaeEuropePropagation- Saxifragaceae.
Kiwi FruitAnticindia deliciosaActinidiaceaeChinaVarieties- Tomuri, bruno.
PecanutCarya illinoensisJuglandaceaeMexicoCentral Asia.
RaspberriesRubus spp.RosaceaeEurasiaPropagation- Saxifragaceae.
StrawberryFragaria ananassaRosaceaeFranceOlympus, goreila.
WalnutJuglans regiaJuglandaceaeCentral AsiaVariety- Roopa.
Note: ‘*‘ denotes either major or minor fruit.

Last Updated: 02-04-2021


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Moti Ram
Moti Ram
3 months ago

It is very informative