Most Effective Irrigation System For Horticulture and Field Crops || Irrigation System For Plain, Plateau, Hilly and Uneven Areas/Regions

SUBJECTS for Most Effective Irrigation System: Most Effective Irrigation System For Horticulture and Field Crops. Most Effective Irrigation System For Flower Crops. Most Effective Irrigation System For Spices. Most Effective Irrigation System For Hilly Areas. Most Effective Irrigation System For Plain Areas. Most Effective Irrigation System For Uneven Areas. Most Effective Irrigation System For Plateau Areas. Most Effective Irrigation System For Tomato. Most Effective Irrigation System For Potato. Most Effective Irrigation System For Sugarcane. Most Effective Irrigation System For Bitter Gourd. Most Effective Irrigation System For Chickpea. Most Effective Irrigation System For Fruit Crops. Most Effective Irrigation System For Vegetable Crops.

Objectives of The Post- Most Effective Irrigation System

  1. To know about the best irrigation system for a particular crop.
  2. To know about best pumps.

In this post, entitled ‘Most Effective Irrigation System For Horticulture and Field Crops || Irrigation System For Plain, Plateau, Hilly and Uneven Area/Regions’, we will know about the followings:

  1. Drip Irrigation System.
  2. Sprinkler Irrigation System.
  3. Irrigation Pumps.
  4. Indigenous Irrigation Systems.

You can ask your questions through comment box….

Introduction: Need of Irrigation System

Rainfed agriculture is based on seasonal rainfall. In many countries, cultivation of crops like rice and other, depends on annual rainfall. This season is known as rainy season. Rainfed agriculture in countries like India, starts with the arrival of Mansoon. Rainfed agriculture can be observed during whole year in Equatorial countries like Indonesia and others.

Crop failure can become a common problem once rainy season overs, if there is no water supply (external water supply). Even low-water-requirement crop can show the symptoms of crop failure. Winter season vegetable crop and the summer season’s Summer Rice require external source of water supply. Water from various resources is transported to the plants using different water irrigation systems.

Development of Irrigation and Irrigation System: From Old to Modern Days

Irrigation in Old Age

Canal irrigation system and underground irrigation system can be seen in the history Indus Vellay civilization.

Irrigation in Middle Old Age

Don (दोन)

Don is a piece of waterproof thick cloth or leather. It is a traditional irrigation technique.

Rahat/Rehat or रहट

Rahat includes a wheel with numbers of buckets embedded on it. The wheel is run by the animal power to lift the water from wells.

Old techniques are still practiced. Some techniques are specific to some specific plant-crops.

New Techniques

Diesel Pumps

Diesel engine water pumps are very powerful machine used for the irrigation of a vast area. Fuels are required to operate the system.

Electric Pumps

Electric pump is run by the power supply. It is useful for home and kitchen garden. Small plant and vegetable nurseries also use electric motor pumps for nursery beds.

Advance Technique

Drip (explained further)

Sprinkler (explained further)

Classification of Irrigation Systems

Simple Irrigation Systems

Thala

Surface irrigation (Kachha Nala)

Surface irrigation (cement canals)

Bed Irrigation

Water Tanks

Modern Age Irrigation Systems

Drip Irrigation System

Sprinkler Irrigation System

Content Structure for Each Irrigation System

  1. What is …….. Irrigation System?
  2. Why …….. Irrigation System?
  3. Importance of ….. Irrigation System.
  4. Suitable Crop in …….. Irrigation System.
  5. Working Principles of …… Irrigation System.

Drip Irrigation System

What is Drip Irrigation System?

Drip irrigation system is very effective irrigation system. The outlet of main water source is connected to a network of perforated pipes.

Importance: Why Drip Irrigation System?

It is very efficient. Requires less amount of water.

Suitable Crop in Drip Irrigation System.

Most of horticultural crops.

Sprinkler Irrigation System

What is Sprinkler Irrigation System?

Spnkler irrigation is 360 degree irrigation system.

Importance: Why Sprinkler Irrigation System?

It is very efficient after drip irrigation system.

Suitable Crop in Sprinkler Irrigation System

  1. Chickpea.
  2. Wheat.

Row and Furrow Irrigation

What is Row and Furrow Irrigation System?

It is a method of irrigation between two rows of crops.

Importance:Why Irrigation System?

It is important for crops like potato and reddish in village areas.

Thala Irritation System

What is Thala Irrigation System?

Thapa is a plate like structure around the base of a plant.

Importance: Why Thala Irrigation System

It is specific application of water.

Suitable Crop in Thala Irrigation System

It is suitable for fruit plants and some vegetable crops like gourds and pumpkin.

Most Effective Irrigation System For Horticulture, Agronomical and Agro-forest Plant-crops

Most Effective Irrigation System For Horticultural Crops

Most Effective Irrigation System For Agronomical Crops

Most Effective Irrigation System For Agro-forest Plants

Irrigation Systems for Horticultural Crops

Horticulture Crops are as fallows:

Vegetable Crops: Tomato, potato, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, Simla Mirch etc.

Fruit Crops: Mango, coconut, papaya, banana, citrus etc.

Flower Crops: Marigold, gladiolus, rose etc.

Spices: Onion, garlic, chili, coriander etc.

Drip Irrigation: Papaya, citrus, marigold, rose, chili, tomato etc.

Sprinkler Irrigation: Onion, garlic etc.

Row and Furrows: Potato, reddish etc.

Thala: Pumpkin, bottle gourd, little plants.

Irrigation Systems for Agronomical Crops

Agronomical crops are as follows:

Cereals: Rice, maize, wheat etc.

Pulses: Chickpea, grams, pigeon par etc.

Sprinkler irrigation: Chikpea, wheat etc.

Irrigation System for Agro-forest Plants

Agro-forest plants are as follows:

Subabul

Eucalyptus etc.

Thala and drip irrigation is best.

Most Effective Irrigation System For Plains, Uneven Areas

Irrigation System for Plains

  1. Drip irrigation.
  2. Row and furrow irrigation.
  3. Flood irrigation.

Irrigation System for Uneven Areas

  1. Sprinkler irrigation.
  2. Thala.
  3. Water cans.

Irrigation System for Plataeu

  1. Drip.
  2. Sprinkler.
  3. Thala

Irrigation System for Hilly Areas

  1. Sprinkler irrigation.

Best Pumps for Farmers

Diesel pumps

Diesel pump is ideal to lift water from well, pond and rivers.

Electrical pumps

Electrical pumps are very good for kitchen garden and lawn.

Motor pumps

3 hp and 5 hp motor pumps are ideal.

Note: This is basic information. Page will be updated with images and diagram.




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1. Author and Content Writer. 2. Agriculture Consultant and Farmer's Trainer. 3. Agriculture Entrepreneur.

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