NHM: National Horticulture Mission

Main Article: NHM (National Horticulture Mission)

NHM or National Horticulture Mission (राष्ट्रीय बागवानी योजना, in Hindi) is a governmental scheme related with horticulture (gardening). It is a central government scheme launched in different states of India. Development of horticulture through different schemes has been main target from the beginning.

Index

CONTENTS
1. Objectives of The Scheme
2. Who are eligible for the scheme?
3. Where to apply for the scheme or whom to contact?
4. What are the necessary documents?

1. Objectives of The Scheme

  • Production of planting materials.
  • Establishment of new nurseries.
  • Development of tissue culture.
  • Development of meadow orchards.
  • Development of high density planting.
  • Planting of low cost fruit-plants.
  • Development of mushroom production units.
  • Production of organic manures.
  • Flower development schemes.
  • Spices development schemes.
  • Re-establishment of old orchards.
  • Development of water resources.
  • Development of protected cultivation.
  • Development of IPM.
  • Development of organic farming.
  • Development of bee-keeping.
  • Development of horticultural machinery.
  • Development of human resources.
  • Harvesting and crop management.
  • Development of marketing for horticultural products.

Production of Planting Materials

The main purpose (s) is/are production of planting materials for area expansion.

This includes:

  • Development of nurseries.
  • Establishment of tissue culture unit.
  • Production of vegetable seeds and distribution (open pollinated).
  • Production of vegetable seeds and distribution (hybrid).
  • Development of seed infrastructure.

Establishment of New Nurseries

Development of new fruit nurseries of..

  • Grapes: With drip irrigation and trellis system or without drip irrigation and trellis system.
  • Strawberry: With drip and mulching system or without drip and mulching system.
  • Banana: Tissue culture with drip irrigation or tissue culture without drip irrigation.
  • Pineapple: With and without drip system.

Development of Tissue Culture

Production of planting materials through tissue culture of following fruit-plants:

  • Banana.
  • Pineapple.

Development of meadow orchards

Development of meadow orchard with or without drip irrigation system. Integrated crop management practice is adopted.

Development of high density planting

Development of high density planting with or without drip irrigation system. Integrated crop management practice is adopted.

Also Read: GM Potato: The Need For Future

Planting of Low Cost Fruit-plants

It includes drip irrigation, integrated crop management and canopy management.

Development of Mushroom Production Units

The scheme has three parts:

  • Establishment of Mushroom Production unit.
  • Establishment of spawn production unit.
  • Establishment of manure production unit.

Floriculture Development Schemes

This include:

  • Production of cut flowers
  • For small farmers.
  • For marginal farmers.
  • For other farmers.
  • Production of bulbus flowers
  • For small farmers.
  • For marginal farmers.
  • For other farmers.

*Loose flowers

  • For small farmers.
  • For marginal farmers.
  • For other farmers.

Spices development schemes

  • Production of seed spices (Example- coriander, ginger, turmeric, chili, garlic).
  • Production of perennial spices (Example- black pepper, cinnamon).

Re-establishment of Old Orchards

By…

  • Grafting.
  • Pruning.

Development of Water Resources

  • Development of community water tank (using RCC lines).
  • Development of ponds (using RCC lines).
  • Development of small ponds for societies.

Development of Protected Cultivation

  • Development of green house structure with fan and pad system.

*Development of natural ventilated system

  • Tubular structure.
  • Wooden frame.
  • Bamboo frame.

*Development of shadenet-house

  • Tubular structure.
  • Wooden frame.
  • Bamboo frame.

*Development of tunnels

  • Development of plastic tunnel.
  • Development of walk-in tunnel.

Development of IPM

  • To encourage the development of IPM.
  • Establishment of plant disease forecast unit.
  • Establishment of plant health clinic.
  • Establishment of bio control laboratory.

Development of organic farming

  • Adoption of organic farming.
  • Development of organic manure production unit.

Also Read: Urigo: A Bio-product

Development of bee-keeping

  • Development of bee-keeping unit to support crop pollination.
  • Production of honey.

Development of horticultural machinery

  • Tractor in subsidy.
  • Rotavator in subsidy.
  • Power tiller in subsidy (Less than 8 hp).
  • Power tiller in subsidy (More than 8 hp).
  • Self operated horticultural machine.
  • Human operated horticultural machine.

Development of human resources

  • Training of supervisors.
  • Training of entrepreneurs.
  • Training of gardeners.
  • Training of farmers (in related state).
  • Training of farmers (out of related state).

Harvesting and crop management

  • Development of pack-house.
  • Development of storage units.
  • Establishment of pre-cooling units.
  • Establishment of cold room.
  • Development of mobile pre-cooling unit.

Development of Marketing for Horticultural Products

  • Establishment of terminal market.
  • Establishment of wholesale market.
  • Establishment and development of gramin bazaar.
  • Establishment and development of retail market.
  • Establishment and development of grading and packaging units.
  • Establishment of quality control labs.

Also Read: Governmental Departments Working for Farmers

2. Who are eligible for the scheme?

All farmers of India are eligible for the schemes. Small and marginal farmers, sometimes big farmers are eligible.

3. Where to apply for the scheme or whom to contact?

A farmer should contact with one of the following official..

  • Rural Horticulture Development Officer at village level.
  • Horticulture Development Officer at village or block level.
  • Senior Horticulture Development Officer at block level.
  • Assistant Director of Horticulture at district level.

4. What are the necessary documents?

The necessary documents are as follows:

  • Adhar card.
  • Bank passbook.
  • Land related documents.
  • Passport size photos.
  • Panchayt approval.
  • Sometimes notary.

Last Updated: 31-03-2021


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