PAT or ‘Pre Agriculture/Agricultural Test’ is a written entrance exam conducted for the selection of students to enroll them in B. Sc. Agriculture Degree Program. Students who have just cleared 12th are eligible for this exam.
In this post we are going to know all about PAT.
General Info.: Pre Agriculture Test (PAT)
|Conducted For||12th Students|
|Organization||State Agricultural Universities|
|Mode||Offline written exam|
|1.||Type of The Exam|
|2.||Categories of The Exam|
|3.||Procedure of The Exam|
|4.||Syllabus of Pre Agriculture Test (PAT)|
|5.||Frequently Asked Questions|
1. Type of The Exam
This is an offline written exam.
2. Categories of The Exam
PAT for Agricultural Students
PAT for Science Students
PAT for Mathematics Students
2.1 PAT for Agricultural Students
Students who have passed 12th from agriculture stream are eligible for this exam with following subjects:
*Elements of Agriculture
2.2 PAT for Science Students
Students who have passed 12th from biology stream are eligible for this exam with following subjects:
2.3 PAT for Mathematics Students
Students who have passed 12th from mathematics stream are eligible for this exam with following subjects:
3. Procedure of The Exam
Normally, the State Agricultural Universities (SAU) assign VYPAM for conducting this exam. For example- JNAU (Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University) assigns MPVYAPAM for this and, IGKV (Indira Gandhi Agriculture University) assigns CGVYAPAM.
3.1 Finding Date of Exam
Date of exam is fixed by VYAPAM(S). Generally, it is the month of April or May.
3.2 Finding Notification
Notification is issued by the exam conducting bodies. Notification can be seen on their official site and different newspapers.
3.3 Filling Application Form
Application form can be filled online once notification is released.
4. Syllabus of Pre Agriculture Test (PAT)
Disclaimer: These are ‘model syllabus’ for each category. ‘The Model-Syllabus-Topics’ may be different from original syllabus with more new topics added.
Syllabus for Agricultural Students
Syllabus for Biology Students
Syllabus for Mathematics Students
4.1 GROUP ‘A’: (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY)
*Unit and dimensions.
*Newton’s laws of motion. Work energy and power.
*Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, shear and bulk modulus, surface energy and surface tension, kinetic theory of gases, gas laws, kinetic energy and temperature.
*Specific heats at constant volume and constant pressure. mechanical equivalent of heat, isothermal and adiabatic processes.
*Reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, curved mirrors, lenses, mirror and lens formulae.
*Dispersion in prism, absorption and emission spectra.
*Bohr’s model of the atom, hydrogen spectrum, composition of nucleus, atomic masses and isotopes, radioactivity, laws of radio active decay, decay constant, half life and mean life, mass-energy relation,
*X-ray: Properties and uses.
Elementary ideas of conductor, semi-conductor and insulator, intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors, p-n junction as a rectifier.
*Coulomb’s law of electrostatic, dielectric constant, electric field and potential due to a point charge, dipole, dipole field, Guass’s law in a simple geometrics.
*Structure of atom.
*Bohr’s atom model.
*Nuclear chemistry Radio active radiations.
*pH : Buffers.
*Thermochemistry and thermodynamics.
*Energy changes during a chemical reaction.
*Chemical kinetic: Rate of a reaction, factors affecting the rate, rate constant rate expression etc.
*Electrochemistry: Oxidation, oxidation number and ion-electron methods.
Also Read: List of Subjects in B. Sc. Agriculture
*Algebra of complex mumbers.
*Graphical representation of complex numbers modulus, and argument of complex numbers etc.
*Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progression. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means between two numbers. Sum of squares and cubes of first natural numbers.
*Theory, geometric equation, relations between roots and coefficients. Quadratic equations in one variable, permutations and combinations.
*Binomial theorem: Exponential and logarithmic series. determinants up to third order and their order and their elementary properties matrices types of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrix, elementary.
*Trigonometry functions and their graphs, addition and subtraction formulae; formulae involving multiple and submultiple angles, general solutions of trignometrical equations.
*Relations between sides and angles of a triangle. Solutions of triangles, inverse; trigonometrical functions, height and distance (Simple problems).
*Rectangular cartesain coordinates. straight line, pair to straight lines, distance of a point from a line, angle between two lines.
*Circle, tangents and normals, system of circles. Conic section; Parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard forms with elementary properties, tangents
*Rectangular co-ordinate system. Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of place in standard forms. Perpendicular distance from a point, equation of a line angle between two lines.
*Probability, addition and multiplication laws.
*Simple problems in correlation and regression.
*Definition and formation of linear programming problems.
BIOLOGY (Botany & Zoology)
*Structural organization of cell and cell theory.
*Structure and functions of cell organelles: Nucleus mitochondria, chloroplast endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex-lysosome, micro-bodies microfilaments ribosomes. Chromosome (Morphology) cell and plasma membrane.
*Difference between plant and animal cell division, cell cycle significance of mitosis and meiosis.
*Mendel’s laws of inheritance.
*Nomenclature: External morphology and life cycle of Spirogyra mucor, and pinus etc.
*Classification: Binomial and trinomial nomenclature, Basic features of classification, classification of different animal phyla up to classes with characters and suitable examples.
*Origin of life, theories of organic evolution-Darwin, Lamarck, synthetic evidence of organic evolution, human evolution.
*Economic zoology: Sericulture, Apiculture, Lac culture, Poultry, Fishery and Pearl industry.
*Protozaon disease in relation to man. Insect carying diseases in relation to man.
*Cancer-types of cancer and cancer cell. Communicable diseases (Hepatitis, AIDS) STD, immune response, vaccines and antisera allergies.
*Smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction, symptoms and control.
*Pesticides: Uses, advantages and hazards.
4.2 GROUP ‘B’: AGRICULTURE
*Introduction: Importance and scope of agriculture in our national economy and development.
Measures to be adopted for increasing the yield of crops.
*Meteorology: Distribution of crop zones depending upon the rainfall, weather recording, rainfall, temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure.
*Soils: Importance of soil, soil texture, soil structure, mineral matter, soil organic matter, soil and organism. Different soil of and their characteristics, causes of
infertility and ways to improve them.
*Tillage: Definition of tillage, tillage operations such as ploughing, harrowing inter-culture etc. Tillage implements- country plough, improved plough, harrows, cultivators, winnower and seed drills.
*Manures and fertilizers: Major and minor plant nutrients, organic manures e.g., fym, compost, green manures, oil cakes, inorganic fertilizers- nitrogenous, phosphatic and potash fertilizers.
*Weeds and weed Control: Defination of weeds, damage caused by weeds, weed control methods mechanical biological and chemical.
*Irrigation and drainage: Need objects of irrigation and drainage, sources of irrigation and drainage.
*Cropping schemes: Importance and principles of crop-rotation, mixed cropping, multi cropping, dry farming.
*Crop production: Classification of crops, cultivation of following crops with reference to their land preparation, manuring, sowing, seed rate, irrigation, inter-culture, improved varieties, control of diseases and pests, yield per hectare; Major crops paddy, wheat, pearl millet, ground nut and cotton, minor crops- arhar, moong, soybean, linseed and mustard.
*Introduction: meaning and scope of horticulture planting system, pruning, training and inter-cropping elementary idea regarding ornamental plants, annuals, shrubs, trees hedges.
*Cultivation of fruit plants: Propagation of plants-cutting, budding, layering gootee,
grafting and inarching, elementary idea regarding ornamental plants, annuals, shrubs,trees hedges.
*Cultivation of vegetables: Classification of vegetable as per family seasons and uses, cultivation of potato, cauliflower, radish, onion, tomato, brinjal, and chillies.
*Fruit and vegetable preservation: General principles and methods of fruit and vegetable preservation.
Important breeds of cow and buffaloes, care maintenance and housing of cattles, principles of feeding and balanced ration of cattles.
*Milk and milk testing: Composition of milk of cows and buffaloes, testing of milk by lactometer.
*Milk products and dairy machines: Preparation of cream, ghee, butter, khoya and dahi, construction of working of cream separator.
*Diseases of cattles: Sings of sick animal, common diseases of cattle, their prevention
*Poultry farming: Important Poultry breeds and their characteristics, warehousing and feeding of Poultry breeds, hatching of egg by natural and artificial methods, grading
and marketing of eggs, common diseases of poultry, their prevention and control
5. Frequently Asked Questions
Question 01. How much percentage is required in 12th?
Answer: No minimum percentage is required.
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