Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): Objectives || राष्ट्रीय कृषि विकास योजना (रा.कृ.वि.यो.): उद्देश्य

RKVY (रा. कृ. वि. यो.) or Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (राष्ट्रीय कृषि विकास योजना) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (National Agriculture Development Scheme)

Introduction

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana is a national level scheme which comes under the department of agriculture. This is a scheme by the government of India for the development of farmers and agriculture of different Indian states.

Index

S. No. Heading(s)Topics
1.Part 01. RKVY: GeneralObjective of The Scheme, Eligiblity Criteria for The Farmers, Benefits of The Scheme, Contact.
2.Part 02: Harit Kranti Vistar Yojana (BGREI)Objective of The Scheme, Eligiblity Criteria for The Farmers, Benefits of The Scheme, Contact.
3.Frequently Asked QuestionsQuestions and answer related with the post.

Also Read: Shakambhari Yojna (शाकम्भरी योजना)

(1). Part 01. RKVY: General

1.1. Objective of The Scheme

Objectives of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana are as follows:

I. To increase the rate of replacement in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.

II. To encourage public investment.

III. To make plans and schemes according to crop and farmer’s need.

IV. To increase the farmer’s income.

V. To reduce yield gap.

VI. To increase production and productivity.

To increase the rate of replacement in the field of agriculture and allied sectors

Here, the rate of replacement means is to replace the old technology and area (area covered with traditional farming) with new agricultural technologies. Example – To start cultivation of rice with new high yield quality seeds. We can say it Seed Replacement Rate (SSR).

To encourage public investment

The major objective is to encourage public investment through local government, specially state Governments. Every state in India has its own schemes for farmers and agriculture. With the support of central government they invest more to benefit the farmers with new added schemes.

To make plans and schemes according to crop and farmer’s need

Some plans are need based. These types of plans are prepared according to the current situations and the needs of farmers.

To increase the farmer’s income

To increase the farmer’s income in others field, i.e., agriculture and allied sectors.

Examples:

01. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of dairy farming.

02. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of poltry farming.

03. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of fish farming.

04. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of organic manure production.

05. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of Floriculture.

06. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of vegetable farming.

07. To increase the farmer’s income in the field of fruit cultivation.

Also Read: Department of Fisheries: Government Schemes for Small, Marginal and Big Farmers

To reduce yield gap

The yield gap is the difference between yield potential and average farmers’ yield over a specified area and period.

Example:

Farmer A and Farmer B have same land area for rice cultivation.

Being an advance farmer,  Farmer A  produced greater quantity of rice grains than the Farmer B.

So, here, the main objective of this scheme is to reduce these yield differences among the farmers.

To increase production and productivity

The ultimate objective is to increase the production and productivity of the crop to its maximum. Per ha. more yield and productivity are much needed objectives to be achieved by the farmers.

Also Read: नरवा गरवा घुरवा बाड़ी अंतर्गत गोधन न्याय योजना, छत्तीसगढ़ – Godhan Nyay Yojana

1.2. Eligiblity Criteria for The Farmers

Farmers from all categories are eligible for this scheme. But, the farmers from following categories are given priority..

01. Small Farmers.
02. Marginal Farmers.
03. SC and SC Farmers.
04. Female Farmers.

1.3. Benefits of The Scheme

01. Establishment of shallow-tube-well

Subsidies-

a. Rs. 5,000.00 (for mining).
b. Rs. 15,000.00 (for pump establishment). Price may be changed.

02. Distribution of pulse crop seeds as minikit. It is free of cost.

03. Distribution of hybrid maize seed as minikit. It is free of cost.

04. Distribution of seeds of less toxic lentils. It is free of cost.

05. Construction of check dam. Subsidy is 100% on government-lands.

1.4. Contact

A farmer has to contact Rural Agriculture Extension Officer.

(2). Part 02: Harit Kranti Vistar Yojana (BGREI)

This scheme is a part of RKVY.

2.1. Objectives of BGREI

01. Inclusion of necessary components to increase the yield and productivity of field crops, especially rice and wheat.

02. Soil water conservation.

03. Rain water conservation by water-harvesting. This includes construction of ponds, check dams and other methods.

04. Use of improved agricultural machines in cultivation.

Also Read: Community Fencing Scheme (सामुदायिक फेंसिंग योजना)

2.2. Eligiblity for The Scheme

Farmers from all categories are eligible for this scheme. But, the farmers from following categories are given priority..

01. Small Farmer.
02. Marginal Farmer.
03. ST and SC Farmers.
04. Female Farmers.

2.3. Benefits of The Scheme

01. Seed distribution. It is free of cost.

02. Seed production programme.

03. Bore well mining.

04. Subsidy on new machines.

05. Construction of check dams. Subsidy is 100% on government-lands.

06. Small ponds. Subsidy is 100% on government-lands.

2.4. Contact

A farmer has to contact Rural Agricultural Extension Officer.

Also Read: National Horticulture Mission

(3). Frequently Asked Questions

Question 01. What are the different sectors related with agriculture?

Answer:

Horticulture – Production/cultivation of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants, and other activities.

Veterinary – Livestock farming, management, marketing etc.

Fisheries – Rearing and production of fish and other aquatic living-beings.

Question 02. What is SSR?

Answer: SSR or Seed Replacement Rate is a measure of cropped area covered with quality seeds. It is the way of farmer’s ‘double farm income’.

Question 03. Who are small farmers?

Answer: A farmer with 2.5 acre to 5 acres Agricultural land area is known as small farmer.

Question 04. Who are marginal farmers?

Answer: A farmer with Agricultural land area below 2.5 acre is known as marginal farmer.

Question 05. Who are big farmers?

Answer: A farmer with more than the 5 acres of agricultural land is known as big farmer.


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