Role of Government And Private Sectors In Agriculture:: Government VS. Private Sectors:: Which Is Better?

Role of Government/Public and Private Sectors in development of Farmers and Agriculture .

Introduction of Public and Private Sector

Government/Public Sectors

What is Government/Public Sector?

Small, medium or large scale project which is run and controlled by the government is known as public sector or government undertaking. It has a simple motive of providing services to society.

According to wikipedia it has no specific definition. The definition can vary from country to country. The number and size of public sector can differ in each different enterprise. Generally developing countries has more number of public sectors as compared to developed countries.

Structure of a Public Sector

Generally public sectors are structured for a commercial scale outcome. The size of a public sector enterprise is ideal and standard. All technical and non technical teams are appointed through rule and regulations set by the government.

Importance of Public Sectors

The role of the government is always very important in all area weather it is education, security or services. Establishment of new technologies, specially in developing countries like India is very essential. Uniform development throughout the country is possible with public sectors. So the probability of the creation of employment exists always.

Example of Some Public Sectors

Image Source:: Krishak Bharti Cooperative Limited
  1. Krishak Bharti Cooperative Limited.
  2. National Fertilizers Limited.

Private Sector

What is Private Sector?

The undertakings of private sectors are run and controlled by an individual person or a group or organization. Government has no control over them. Opposite to public sector, the number of private sector is more in developed countries.

Structure of Private Sectors

In private sector many companies are run by a single person or shareholders. Director, General Manager, chief Executive Officer are key person.

Importance of Private Sectors

  • Motive– Motive of a private sector is very centralised. They work to achieve a dream goal. Their dedication toward work influence society. These are always positive. For example- an NGO working for the development of agriculture can change the future scenario of agriculture in any particular region by the extension of innovations and positive way of thinking.
  • Employment– More than 90 percent jobs come from private sectors. Private sectors are able to hire technical and non-technical staff. In a country where agriculture comes first, the role female power can be very important.
  • Quality– Quality is always in demand. Quality of agriculture product and services. A company will start to lose its customers if they fail to full the need of farmers producing low quality agriculture products. For example– a plant with all Ideotypes will be the first choice of any farmer.
  • Reliability– As a thumb of rule people show more trust on private sectors.

Examples of Private Sectors: Agricultural and Non-agricultural

Image Source:: Maxgrow Biotech Pvt. Ltd.
  1. Rallies India Limited, Bengaluru, Karnataka.
  2. Nuziveedu Seeds Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana.
  3. Lemken India Agro Equipments Private Limited, Nagpur, Maharastra.
  4. Advanta Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana.
  5. Monsanto India, Mumbai, Maharastra.
  6. Poabs Organic Estates, Tiruvalla, Kerala.
  7. National Agro Industry, Ludhiana, Punjab.
  8. Rasi Seeds, Salem, Tamil Nadu.

[Source:: Maps Of India: Top Agricultural Companies In India]

Role of Public Sectors in Agriculture

Goal of private Sectors in Agriculture

The goal of public sector is centred always exponential growth of the organization. Some other neccesary goals help to achieve this aim.

  1. To cover more agriculture area.
  2. To provide good service.
  3. Reliability.

Contribution in Development

  1. Products are timely available.
  2. Manufacturer of advanced technologies.
  3. Manufacturer of machineries.

Nature of the Services– Profit Oriented or Non-profit Oriented

  1. Profit Oriented– Example- manufacturing companies.
  2. Non-profit Oriented– NGO.

Market Demand of The Products

It is more reliable. Market demand is more than government projects.

Market Price and Value of the Product and Services

Price of the products depend on the grade of the products and services.

Role of Public Sectors in Agriculture

Goal of Public Sectors in Agriculture

  1. To complete annual agenda.
  2. To benefit farmers through agenda.


Less than private sector.

Contribution in Development

  1. To enhance the level of small farmers.

Nature of the Services– Profit Oriented or Non-profit Oriented

It is Non-profit oriented.

Market Demand of The Products

Not sold in market.

Market Price and Value of the Product and Services

Not circulated in open market.


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