Senior Agriculture Development Officer (SADO): Eligibility Criteria, Work and Salary

Agriculture: SADO

Main Article: Senior Agriculture Development Officer

Senior Agriculture Development Officer or SADO is a government post under department of agriculture in different states of India. Technically, It is a class three post under state government. The person desiring to become a SADO should have completed master in agriculture. It is also known as Varishth Krishi Vikas Adhikari (वरिष्ठ कृषि विकास अधिकारी in Hindi), and Senior Agriculture Development Officer in English. It is similar to SHDO in the Department of Horticulture.

In this article we will know about the about the Eligibility Criteria, Work and Salary of SADO.


1.Work and Duties of a Senior Horticulture Development Officer
3.Timings of Duty
6.Frequently Asked Questions
7.Explanation of Post Related Words
8.Recent Posts
9.Other Posts
10.Exam Pattern and Syllabus
11.How to Prepare for SADO?

*In this article we will use he/she for the related post.

1. Work and Duties of a Senior Horticulture Development Officer

  • Training of Farmers.
  • Training of Unemployed Villagers.
  • Training of Farm Labours.
  • Managing staff.
  • Attending meetings.
  • Arranging meetings.
  • Attending camps.
  • Field Visit.
  • Preparing seasonal schedule for field officers.
Seed distribution program

Training of Farmers

Farmers are introduced with new innovation in agriculture. For example: farmers are introduced with new farming technologies, new farming practice, new varieties etc. They don’t have enough idea about these, so they need training. For this a SADO is assigned by the senior department to train them.


Training of unemployed villagers

Unemployed villagers are trained under Kaushal Vikas Yojna. Villagers over 18 years of age are enrolled into the training program. They are trained by SADO at SADO farm/office. This a very good scheme. Villagers can become self employed after getting training.


Traning of Farm Labours

Farm labours are trained in different fields. Farm labours are trained for or for the better managment of:

  • General education: General education related with agriculture.
  • Farm project: Farm projects related with field crops.
  • Experiments: To manage crop.
  • Production: Management of farm crops to achieve given target as crop production.


To Manage Staff

An agricultural staff (block level) includes following employees:

  • Rural Agriculture Extension Officer.
  • Agriculture Development Officer.
  • Senior Agriculture Development Officer.

He has to assign the seasonal targets to each RAEO, ADO. Every RAEO or ADO has to complete given target in a fixed time. After the completion of the target they have to submit it to SADO.


Also Read: HDO (Horticulture Development Officer).

Attending Meetings

He attends following meetings:

  • District collector
  • District CEO.
  • SDM.
  • Block CEO.
  • President of four departments (agriculture, horticulture, veterinary, fishery).
  • Local MLA.
  • Panchayat Meeting.

District Collector

DM’s visit

Subjects of meeting include:

  • Departmental Schemes.
  • Schemes related with DMF.
  • Schemes related with related departments.
  • It also includes DM visits.

District CEO

  • Departmental Schemes.
  • Schemes related with related departments.


  • Departmental Schemes.

Block CEO

  • Departmental Schemes.

President of four departments (agriculture, horticulture, veterinary, fishery)

President is known as Sabhapati of Krishi Sthayi Samiti (कृषि स्थायी समिति का सभापति). All officers from related departments have to attend this meeting including SADO. This is an very important meeting considering the participation of progressive local farmers.

Panchayat Meetings

A panchayat meeting

Panchayat meetings are very important. It is field level meeting where farmers can ask for solutions related with farming.

*Departmental meetings are weekly or monthly

Also Read: RHEO (Rural Horticulture Extension Officer).


Arranging Meetings

He arranges meeting for the staff. Meeting are based on following subjects:

  1. Discussion on current plans.
  2. Discussion on upcoming plans.
  3. Execution of plans.
  4. Discussion on other schemes.

All meetings are organised at block level taken by him/her. He/she takes the control of entire meeting. 

Following employees are ordered to attain the meetings:

  1. Rural Agriculture Extension Officer.
  2. Agriculture Development Officer.

Generally, one meeting is arranged in each week. All employees have to report him/her.

Attending camps

A local camp known as shivir (शिविर)

Camps are organised for solving problems of local farmers. They have to attend the camp.

Field Visit

  • Field visit to inspect crop condition.
  • Field visit to inspect work progress of field officers.
  • Field visit to interact with farmers, occasionally.

2. Responsibilities

The officer is the head of the department at block level.

Representing the department at various places is major responsibility….

Completion of all targets with the help of field officers.

He/she is responsible for the success and failure of departmental schemes at field level. He/She has to control and direct them.

Also Read: ADH (Assistant Director of Horticulture).

3. Timing of duty

He/she is assigned with a fixed time for the official works to complete different works and manage staff.

Although, actually no time is fixed for him/her. The time of duty is variable e.g., 8 a.m. – 5 p.m. or 9 a.m. – 5 p.m. or 9 a.m. – 6/7/8 p.m.

Even, many time they have to work on sunday and even on other holidays.

Also Read: List of Job in Agriculture in India: Private and Goverment Jobs.


4. Salary

Senior Horticulture Development Officer is a non-gazetted class three officer means the post is not created under PSC or Public Service Commission.

The pay scale for  a newly joined SHDO is 4,200 INR according to 7th grade pay, level 12. Monthly salary is 50,000 plus.

5. Promotion

He is promoted according to government policies. Promotion is rare and, also it may take many years. Candidates belonging to reserved cate get fast promotion than candidates belonging to OBC and General categories.

After promotion he/she becomes district level officer. District officer is known as ADA or Assistant Director of Agriculture.


6. Frequently Asked Questions

Question 01. Can a B. Sc. pass out appear for SHDO exam?

Answer: No. Candidates only with M. Sc. Agriculture are eligible for this post.

Question 02. Can a B. Sc. Agriculture, final year’s student appear for SADO exam?

Answer: Technically, no. ‘B. Sc. Final Year Students are also not eligible for this post. Because he has to provide all details regarding his PG degree program e.g., final year’s marks and grade.

Question 04. How difficult SADO exam is?

Answer: The total number of posts are very limited. Number of candidates against each post may be more than thousands. These things make this exam very difficult for all the candidates. Although, candidates from reserve categories have chance to get this job.

Question 05. Which is better? SADO or SHDO (Senior Horticulture Development Officer)?

Answer: SHDO (Senior Horticulture Development Officer) and SADO are equal level post. Although, in many states the grade pay and salary may differ for SADOs as compare to SHDO. Departmental schemes and annual targets are more in case of SADO.

Question 06. How many posts are available in a block?

Answer: SADOs are posted as Varishth Krishi Vikas Adhikari at block level. Hence, there is one SADO per block.

When the total number of  SADO(s) is more than the number of blocks in a district, rest of SADOs are posted as nodal officer for 4 – 5 sectors. One sector may include 4 – 5 gram panchayats.

Question 07. How many RAEOs work under a SADO?

Answer: Generally, on an average 10 – 20 RHEOs work under a SHDO.

Question 08. How many ADOs work under a SADO?

Answer: Generally, 3 – 5 or more ADOs work under a SHDO.

Question 09. Who is senior officer of SADO?

Answer: ADA or Assistant Director of Agriiculture is senior officer of Senior ADO.

Question 10. What does a SADO become after promotion?

Answer: After promotion he/she becomes Assistant Director of Agriculture.

Question 11. How many years it take to get ‘promotion’?

Answer: It takes more than 35 years to get promoted for ADH?

7. Explanation of Post Related Words


Full form is Agriculture Development Officer. This is subject to promotion. There is no direct selection posting.


District Majistret Fund. It is provided by District Collector for few important schemes.

Progressive Farmers

Farmers using advanced tools and technologies in agriculture.


Full form is Rural Agriculture Development Officer. It is class three post.

Sthayi Samiti (स्थायी समिति)

Sthayi Samiti includes following members:

  • Sabhapati: 01. Sabhapati is the president.
  • Officers: One from each department. One from agriculture. One from horticulture. One from veterinary. One from the department of diabetes.
  • Progressive farmers.
  • It never breaches.

8. Recent Posts

(1). Images: Paddy Straw Mushroom.

(2). Types of Mulch: Best Mulching Sheets for Vegetable Crops.

(3). What is Water Sprout in Mango: See Images.

(4). CET Multiple Choice Questions: Agriculture Entrance Exams.

9. Other Posts

List of Government Jobs in Agriculture

Agronomy Multiple Choice Questions

10. Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Exam Pattern

Exam pattern has changed a lot. Modern exam pattern is based on following subject:

  • Recent activities in the field of agriculture.
  • Questions from major as well as minor topics.
  • Multiple Choice Questions with extended explanation.
  • Most times questions are very confusing. All options of a particular question look very similar.


This section will be updated…..

11. How to Prepare for SADO Exam?

Answer: Follow these points:

  • All topics should be covered.
  • Deep study is required.
  • Don’t left any particular topic assuming it less important.
  • Solve as many multiple choice questions as possible. It will give the idea about exam pattern.


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