Side Grafting In Mango :: How To Propagate Mango By Side Grafting?

side-grafting-in-mango
Grafted Mango (Side Grafting)

SUBJECTSide Grafting In Mango. Practice For Side Grafting In Mango. How To Graft Mango By Side Grafting? Success Rate in Side Grafting.

INDEX

S. No. TOPIC
1.INTRODUCTION
2.PRINCIPLES
3.Grafting In Mango
4.Side Grafting In Mango
5.Procedure Of Side Grafting In Mango
6.Precautions After Grafting
7. Problems In Grafting
8.Frequently Asked Questions
9.Explanation
10. Multiple Choice Questions

1. INTRODUCTION

Grafting or “Kalam Bandhna” in Hindi, is the process of creating a new plant by the combination of two different parts of the same plant species. In side grafting two parts of the mango plant are interconnected with each other by adjoining root stock and scion.

Root stock is any seedling plant on which scion is placed. The root stock provides nutrients to the uper portion i. e., scion. The role of root stock is very important. Root stock which is wild in nature is considered as best for grafting. ‘Biju seedlings’ or local varieties of mango are best for grafting.

If root stock is not selected according to standards, then later the grafted plant is likely to fail. Either the plant is not able to produce as expected or it dies due to many factors.

Scion is the part of a grafted plant. It is one year old flush that is attached to the root stock and gets its food from it. It is also very important. Selection criteria of a scion should be followed.

The thickness, age, family and the species of root stock and scion should be same.

2. Principles

According to the principle of grafting, root stock and scion should grow together, which is possible under the following conditions:

  1. The size i. e., thickness of root stock and scion should be uniform.
  2. The age of root stock and scion should be approximately the same.
  3. The root stock and scion should be of the same family.
  4. Root stock and scion should be of the same species.
  5. At the time of grafting, the Cambium tissue of both the root stock and the scion should meet well. Cambium is the woody part of the plant after bark. The most important process is the joining of cambium tissue. Because these have ability to generate new tissues. In this process the scion is considered as nonliving part while the root stock is a living part before the success of graftage. When the cambium parts of the root stock and scion are unite well with each other, the elements involved in healing the plant wound from the root stock act fast to connect the two parts as soon as possible. And after getting food from root stock, scion also starts producing new flushes.

3. Grafting in Mango

Mango grafting is similar to the grafting practice done in other plants because the above principles work same for other plants. However, in addition to grafting, many methods are also commonly used for propagation. Other methods of propagation in mango are as follows:

3.1 Avegetative Grafting

  1. seed.

3.2 Vegetative Grafting

Other, commonnly used grafting methods:

  1. V shape grafting.
  2. Wedge grafting.
  3. Tongue grafting.
  4. Epicotyl grafting.

4. Side Grafting in Mango

Image: A grafted mango seedling (Side grafting)

Side grafting in mango is an easy method of plant propagation. By this method new plants are prepared easily. Numbers of new plants are prepared in very short time. It requires skill.


In many government and private plant production nurseries more plants are produced in less time by this method.

4.1 Best time for side grafting

The most appropriate time for side grafting in mangoes is the rainy season. The main reason for this is that the required moisture and proper temperature that supports grafting remains for a long time in atmosphere.

4.2 Objectives

Objectives of side grafting in mango.
Objectives are follows:
1. Preparation of new plants.
2. Preparation of plants in large quantities.
3. This is a cheap method of plant propagation.

4.3 Importance

  1. Less expensive.
  2. Genetic qualities of mango plant does not deteriorate.

5. Procedure of Side Grafting in Mango


5.1 Required Materials:

5.1.1 Root Stock

Original plant.

Local plants.

Image: Mango root stock


5.1.2 Scion

Scion from Good quality plant.

Image: Scion

5.1.3 Grafting Knife

5.2 Procedure

5.2.1 Part 1

5.2.1.1 Preparation of Root Stock

(1). For this, remove fully matured mango stone from ripened mango fruits and start depositing them.

(2). Now prepare a wide bed of in nursery and sow mango seeds during the rainy season.

(3). New plants will emerge from the stone after few days.

(4). Transfer these plants to plastic black bags.

(5). Seedling plants should now be looked after for a year.

5.2.2 Part 2

5.2.2.1 Selection of Scion

(1). Start the grafting process after the arrival of rain next year.

(2). First of all, choose a mango tree among the best species for the scion.

(3). Select one year old flush from the plant.

(4). The thickness of the flush should be almost equal to thickness of a pencil.

(5). Now drop all the leaves from the flush. (15 cm from top to bottom).

(6). Follow the same procedure in all selected flushes.

(7). Now after a week i.e., 7 to 8 days, separate scion from the mother plant.

Image: Defoliated branch

5.2.3 Part 3

5.2.3.1 Start grafting:

Grafting practice
(1). Now take the scion and root stock and made an uniform cut by 2.5 cm. at one end (as shown in the picture) of scion.

Image: Slant cut on both side of the one end of scion (toward right)
Image: Cut on root stock

(2). Repeat the same procedure at the upper end of the root stock from bottom to top (as shown in the picture).

(3). Now the cambium tissues of the root stock and the scion should be tied tightly together with the help of plastic tape.

Image: Cambium (White woody portion is cambium)

(4). A few days later a new plant is ready.

6. Precautions after grafting

Do not keep grafting plants in direct sunlight.

Protect plants from all other types of damage.

This method can be applied on a new root stock about 2-3 months. Although success rate is reduced.

7. Problems In Side Grafting

  1. Failure of grafted plants due to fungus attack.
  2. Drying of grafted parts.

8. Frequently Asked Questions

Questions- 1. Is it possible to do side grating during summer?

Ans.– Yes, in propagation chamber.

Questions- 2. Can we use root hormone in side grafting?

Ans.- No, there is no need to use root hormone in grafting or side grafting.

Questions- 3. Which chemicals are used in side grafting?

Ans.- No chemical is used in side grafting.

Questions- 4. Is side grafting commercial method of mango propagation?

Ans.– Yes, the other method is veneer grafting.

Question- 5. Is side grafting possible in big or old trees?

Ans.– Yes.

9. Explanations

Biju Seedlings– Seedling prepared from seed is known as biju seed.

Flush– Flush is the new or current year growth of branches.

10. Multiple Choice Question

Check The Answer at Horticulture MCQ’S Part 2

Question- #1. Side grafting is applied in?

(a). Mango.
(b). Papaya.
(c). Pineapple.
(d). All of the above.

See Answer

Question- #2. Success rate in side grafting is high in?

(a). Rainy season.
(b). Winter season.
(c). Summer season.
(d). All of the above.

See Answer




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