Which is Better Subject in M. Sc. Horticulture- Floriculture, Pomology or Olericulture?

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Sub. Horti.

Which is Better Subject in M. Sc. Horticulture- Floriculture, Pomology or Olericulture?

Which is better subject in M. Sc. Horticulture (Master of Science in Horticulture)?”, is an important question and doubt of many students who have just completed B. Sc. In Agriculture (Bachelor of Science in Agriculture), or about to complete this.

In this post we are going to clear the selection dilemma of all agricultural students studying B. Sc. In Agriculture in India.

S. N.HEADING
1.Introduction: Subjects in Horticulture
2.Decision Making Factors
3.Which is Better
4.Final Answer
5.Explanation of Post Related Words
6.Recent Posts
7.Other Posts

1. Introduction: Subjects in Horticulture

Before going to ‘explanation’, we will know about these subjects in brief.

1.1 Floriculture

What is Floriculture?

Floriculture is a major or minor subject in  M. Sc. Horticulture. The department of floriculture is known as ‘Floriculture and Landscape Architect’.

List of some topics studied in M. Sc. Floriculture

1.2 Olericulture

What is Olericulture?

Olericulture is a major or minor subject in  M. Sc. Horticulture. The department of olericulture is known as the same name ‘Department of Olericulture’.

List of some topics studied in M. Sc. Olericulture

  • Cultivation practice of vegetable crops.
  • Breeding of vegetable crops.
  • Organic olericulture.
  • Hydroponics in olericulture.

1.3 Pomology

List of some topics studied in M. Sc. Olericulture

  • Cultivation practice of fruit crops.
  • Breeding of fruit crops.

2. Decision Making Factors

Our decision of the selection among subjects depends of following factors:

  • Job
  • Scholarship
  • Ph. D.
  • Nature of the Subject.
  • Interest.
  • Dilemma.
  • The Present.
  • Scope or Future.
  • Only Degree.
  • Professional.

2.1 Job

This is the first choice of many of the students. More than 99% of the students enroll themselves in higher education to get a degree so they can secure a government job.

It is often seen that a student is more likely to get a job with one particular subject than the other subjects. So, majority of the students try to get admission in that particular  subject.

2.2 Scholarship

Many students prefer subjects with scholar, if available.

2.3 Ph. D.

When the job (government/private) is not a necessity, and the degree is foremost priority, a student always go with degree to pursue Ph. D. Doing job or not may be choice of ‘later on’.

2.4 Nature of the Subject

Here, ‘Nature of the Subject’ means difficulty level of the subject. Subjects considered as ‘difficult’ are as follows:

Group A

  • Agricultural Statistics.
  • Gentics and Plant Breeding.
  • Molecular Biotechnology.

List of subject considered relatively easy are as follows:

Group B

  • Agronomy.
  • Agricultural Economics.
  • Floriculture.
  • Vegetable Science or Olericulture.
  • Fruit Science or Pomology.
  • Plant Physiology.
  • Plant Pathology.

Here comes three situations

  1. Students from agriculture background.
  2. Student from science background.
  3. Students from maths background.

Most of the students with agriculture background (11th and 12th from agriculture) prefer subject(s) from group B.

Students with science background always prefer ‘Genetics and Plant Breeding’ or ‘Plant Mile dular Biology’.

Students with maths background seem to prefer Agricultural Statistics.

2.5 Interest

The interest of the student always matters. In case of mine, the selection of floriculture was totally based upon my interest. There was no other external factor.

2.6 Dilemma

Dilemma is a state of mind. Students are unable to decide between two subjects. Many times they select rong subjects. That is the reason why do most of the students change theri subject amid the semester.

2.7 The Present

What is the present value of the degree? Upcoming vacancies, etc., are the main concerns in mind while opting for a subject. Most of the subjects are selected considering upcoming jobs in near future.

2.8 Scope

Some subjects have more scope than others. For example students having degrees of M. Sc. Agronomy and M. Sc. Horticulture have following fields to pursue:

  • Job.
  • Higher study.

Agronomy: ADA (Assistant Director of Agriculture), SADO (Senior Agriculture Development Officer), RAEO (Rural Agriculture Extension Officer), SMS (Subject Matter Specialist), Ph. D. Farm Manager.

Horticulture: ADH (Assistant Director of Horticulture), SHDO (Senior Horticulture Development Officer), RHEO (Rural Horticulture Extension Officer), SMS (Subject Matter Specialist), Ph. D. Farm Manager.

2.9 Only Degree

When it is done only for degree then the selection of the subject is specific. It depends on the personal choice of the student.

2.10 Profesional

To become professional in the field of own choice is the most important thing. It gives satisfaction and desired result in life with dedication. That is the why ‘a subject should be chosen considering its overall value.

3. Which is Better?

Here I will give example of my 2 friends and myself.

We completed our B. Sc. Agriculture Degree Program in the year 2013 with first division. We cleared CET (Common Entrance Test) an entrance exam to become eligible for M. Sc. Agriculture/Horticulture which was conducted by the same university few months after the final semester exams. We all secured good rank (under 50).

Now we have many doubts in mind.

Selection of the Subject

My Dilemma and Selection of the Subject

My basic subject in 11th and 12th (agriculture after 12th) was agriculture. I had decided for this subject when I was in 10th, I never liked biology or mathematics as my basic subjects. After B. Sc. (Agriculture), Again, I was going to face this situation. This time I had to make a selection between Agriculture and Horticulture.

At the behest of others, I took Genetics and Plant Breeding as major subject. But, after attending only 9 classes I changed my subject from Genetics and Plant Breeding to Floriculture.

Thanks to my love for flowers and nature. I never thought for a second time to change it.

My Friend 01

My friend has selection dilemma between olericulture and pomology. I tried to convince him to take floriculture as major subject. He followed other classmates.

His major subject during M. Sc. Agriculture/Horticulture was pomology. He qualified NET. Currently he is an Assistant Professor (IGKV).

My Friend 02

After securing a good rank, he enrolled himself in M. Sc. Agriculture to take degree from the department of entomology. It was his interest.

He cleared two entrance exams- 1. RHEO (Rural Horticulture Extension Officer) and, 2. RAEO (Rural Agriculture Extension Officer). But, at the same time he cleared Ph. d. (entrance exam). So, he decided to continue with Ph. D.

Now he has a doctoral degree.

It was his passion for the degree.

4. Final Answer

Here is the final answer for the question- “Which is Better Subject in M. Sc. Horticulture- Floriculture, Pomology or Olericulture?”

Answer: Floriculture, Olericulture and Pomology all are very good subject. Do not listen to others. Always go with your own decision and choice.

Floriculture

Strength

  • Job opportunities: RHEO, ADH, AP.
  • Higher Education: Ph. D.
  • Professional Works: Flower nurseries, ornamental (plant) nurseries, industries related with floriculture sectors.

Drawback

  • Less numbers of seats in Ph. D. Degree Program compared to olericulture and pomology.
  • Competition is less.

Olericulture

Strength

  • Job opportunities: RHEO, ADH, AP.
  • Higher Education: Ph. D.
  • Professional Works: Vegetable farming, industries related with olericulture.

Drawback

  • Competition is higher than floriculture when it comes to higher study and job.

Pomology

Strength

  • Job opportunities: RHEO, ADH, AP.
  • Higher Education: Ph. D.
  • Professional Works: Fruit plant nurseries, industries related with olericulture

Drawback

Competition is higher than floriculture when it comes to job and higher study.

5. Explanation of Post Related Words

Major Subject

Major subject is the subject taken by the students of M. Sc. Agriculture or M. Sc. Horticulture as a first choice subject. For example-

‘A’ is a student who have just passed B. Sc. Agriculture. Now he has 3 options in M. Sc. Horticulture i. e., floriculture, olericulture and pomology. He chosen pomology to continue M. Sc.

Here, Pomology will be major subject for him.

Minor Subject

Manor subject is the subject taken by the students of M. Sc. Agriculture or M. Sc. Horticulture as a subsidiary to subject. For example-

‘B’ is a student, and he has taken Olericulture as the major subject. Now, for example, he has 3 options- 1. Agriculture Extension 2. Plant Physiology 3. Genetics. 

He choses Plant Physiology. Plant Physiology will be his minor subject in M. Sc. Horticulture.

Seasonal Plant-Crops

Seasonal plant-crops are the plants/crops which complete their life cycle in one season. Generally, it takes 4 – 6 moths to complete commercial life cycle. They are softwood.

Examples: Marigold, balsam, aster etc.

Annual Plant-Crops

Annual plants/crops are the group of plants which complete their life cycle within a year. Seasonal plants also come under the group of annual plants. They are softwood and semi softwood.

Examples: Geranium, vinca, zennia etc.

Perennial Plant-Crops

Perennial plants/crops are the group of plants which complete their life cycle in more than a year. Generally, perennial plants are hardy i.e., hardwood.

Example: Jasmine, Gulmohar, Golden Shower etc.


6. Recent Post

7. Other Posts

7.1 Floriculture Multiple Choice Questions

7.2 Pomology Multiple Choice Questions

7.3 Olericulture Multiple Choice Questions


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1. Author and Content Writer. 2. Agriculture Consultant and Farmer's Trainer. 3. Agriculture Entrepreneur.
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